Degree of Establishment Controlled Vocabulary List of Terms

Title
Degree of Establishment Controlled Vocabulary List of Terms
Namespace URI
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/
Preferred namespace abbreviation
dwcdoe:
Date version issued
2020-10-13
Date created
2020-10-13
Part of TDWG Standard
http://www.tdwg.org/standards/450
This document version
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/doc/doe/2020-10-13
Latest version of document
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/doc/doe/
Abstract
The Darwin Core term degreeOfEstablishment provides information about degree to which an Organism survives, reproduces, and expands its range at the given place and time.. The Degree of Establishment Controlled Vocabulary provides terms that should be used as values for dwc:degreeOfEstablishment and dwciri:degreeOfEstablishment.
Contributors
Quentin Groom, Peter Desmet, Lien Reyserhove, Tim Adriaens, Damiano Oldoni, Sonia Vanderhoeven, Steven J Baskauf, Arthur Chapman, Melodie McGeoch, Ramona Walls, John Wieczorek, John R.U. Wilson, Paula F F Zermoglio, Annie Simpson
Creator
TDWG Darwin Core Maintenance Group
Bibliographic citation
Darwin Core Maintenance Group. 2020. Degree of Establishment Controlled Vocabulary List of Terms. Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG). http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/doc/doe/2020-10-13

1 Introduction

This document includes terms intended to be used as a controlled value for Darwin Core terms with local name degreeOfEstablishment. For details and rationale, see Groom et al. 2019. Improving Darwin Core for research and management of alien species. https://doi.org/10.3897/biss.3.38084

1.1 Status of the content of this document

In Section 4, the values of the Term IRI, Definition, and Controlled value are normative. The value of Usage (if it exists for a given term) is normative. The values of Term Name are non-normative, although one can expect that the namespace abbreviation prefix is one commonly used for the term namespace. Label and the values of all other properties (such as Notes) are non-normative.

1.2 RFC 2119 key words

The key words “MUST”, “MUST NOT”, “REQUIRED”, “SHALL”, “SHALL NOT”, “SHOULD”, “SHOULD NOT”, “RECOMMENDED”, “MAY”, and “OPTIONAL” in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.

2 Use of Terms

Due to the requirements of Section 1.4.3 of the Darwin Core RDF Guide, term IRIs MUST be used as values of dwciri:degreeOfEstablishment. Controlled value strings MUST be used as values of dwc:degreeOfEstablishment.

3 Term index

captive (category B1) | casual (category C1) | colonising (category D1) | cultivated (category B2) | degreeOfEstablishment concept scheme | established (category C3) | failing (category C0) | invasive (category D2) | native (category A) | released (category B3) | reproducing (category C2) | widespread invasive (category E)

4 Vocabulary

Term Name dwcdoe:d
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d-2020-10-13
Label degreeOfEstablishment concept scheme
Definition A SKOS Concept Scheme to be used as a controlled vocabulary for the Darwin Core terms dwc:degreeOfEstablishment and dwciri:degreeOfEstablishment
Type http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#ConceptScheme
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d001
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d001
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d001-2020-10-13
Label native (category A)
Definition Not transported beyond limits of native range
Notes Considered native and naturally occuring. See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category A
Controlled value native
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d002
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d002
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d002-2020-10-13
Label captive (category B1)
Definition Individuals in captivity or quarantine (i.e. individuals provided with conditions suitable for them, but explicit measures of containment are in place)
Usage Only for cases where specific actions have been taken place to prevent escape of individuals or propagules
Notes See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category B1
Controlled value captive
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d003
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d003
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d003-2020-10-13
Label cultivated (category B2)
Definition Individuals in cultivation (i.e. individuals provided with conditions suitable for them, but explicit measures to prevent dispersal are limited at best)
Notes Examples include gardens, parks and farms. See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category B2
Controlled value cultivated
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d004
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d004
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d004-2020-10-13
Label released (category B3)
Definition Individuals directly released into novel environment
Notes For example, fish stocked for angling, birds for hunting. See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category B3
Controlled value released
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d005
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d005
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d005-2020-10-13
Label failing (category C0)
Definition Individuals released outside of captivity or cultivation in a location, but incapable of surviving for a significant period
Notes Such as frost tender plants sown or planted in a cold climate. See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category C0
Controlled value failing
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d006
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d006
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d006-2020-10-13
Label casual (category C1)
Definition Individuals surviving outside of captivity or cultivation in a location, no reproduction
Notes Trees planted in the wild for forestry or ornament may come under this category. See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category C1
Controlled value casual
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d007
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d007
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d007-2020-10-13
Label reproducing (category C2)
Definition Individuals surviving outside of captivity or cultivation in a location, reproduction is occurring, but population not self-sustaining
Notes Offspring are produced, but these either do not survive or are fertile enough to maintain the population. See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category C2
Controlled value reproducing
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d008
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d008
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d008-2020-10-13
Label established (category C3)
Definition Individuals surviving outside of captivity or cultivation in a location, reproduction occurring, and population self-sustaining
Notes The population is maintained by reproduction, but is not spreading. See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category C3
Controlled value established
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d009
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d009
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d009-2020-10-13
Label colonising (category D1)
Definition Self-sustaining population outside of captivity or cultivation, with individuals surviving a significant distance from the original point of introduction
Notes The population is maintained by reproduction and is spreading. See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category D1
Controlled value colonising
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d010
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d010
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d010-2020-10-13
Label invasive (category D2)
Definition Self-sustaining population outside of captivity or cultivation, with individuals surviving and reproducing a significant distance from the original point of introduction
Notes The population is maintained by reproduction, is spreading, and their progeny is also reproducing and spreading. See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category D2
Controlled value invasive
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26
Term Name dwcdoe:d011
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/d011
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcdoe/values/version/d011-2020-10-13
Label widespread invasive (category E)
Definition Fully invasive species, with individuals dispersing, surviving and reproducing at multiple sites across a greater or lesser spectrum of habitats and extent of occurrence
Usage This term is only used for those invasives with the highest degree of encroachment
Notes See also Blackburn et al. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023 category E
Controlled value widespreadInvasive
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_26