Pathway Controlled Vocabulary List of Terms

Title
Pathway Controlled Vocabulary List of Terms
Namespace URI
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/
Preferred namespace abbreviation
dwcpw:
Date version issued
2020-10-13
Date created
2020-10-13
Part of TDWG Standard
http://www.tdwg.org/standards/450
This document version
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/doc/pw/2020-10-13
Latest version of document
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/doc/pw/
Abstract
The Darwin Core term pathway provides information about the process by which an Organism came to be in a given place at a given time. The Pathway Controlled Vocabulary provides terms that should be used as values for dwc:pathway and dwciri:pathway.
Contributors
Quentin Groom, Peter Desmet, Lien Reyserhove, Tim Adriaens, Damiano Oldoni, Sonia Vanderhoeven, Steven J Baskauf, Arthur Chapman, Melodie McGeoch, Ramona Walls, John Wieczorek, John R.U. Wilson, Paula F F Zermoglio, Annie Simpson
Creator
TDWG Darwin Core Maintenance Group
Bibliographic citation
Darwin Core Maintenance Group. 2020. Pathway Controlled Vocabulary List of Terms. Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG). http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/doc/pw//2020-10-13

1 Introduction

This document includes terms intended to be used as a controlled value for Darwin Core terms with local name pathway. For details and rationale, see Groom et al. 2019. Improving Darwin Core for research and management of alien species. https://doi.org/10.3897/biss.3.38084

1.1 Status of the content of this document

In Section 4, the values of the Term IRI, Definition, and Controlled value are normative. The value of Usage (if it exists for a given term) is normative. The value of Has broader concept is normative. The values of Term Name are non-normative, although one can expect that the namespace abbreviation prefix is one commonly used for the term namespace. Label and the values of all other properties (such as Notes) are non-normative.

1.2 RFC 2119 key words

The key words “MUST”, “MUST NOT”, “REQUIRED”, “SHALL”, “SHALL NOT”, “SHOULD”, “SHOULD NOT”, “RECOMMENDED”, “MAY”, and “OPTIONAL” in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.

2 Use of Terms

Due to the requirements of Section 1.4.3 of the Darwin Core RDF Guide, term IRIs MUST be used as values of dwciri:pathway. Controlled value strings MUST be used as values of dwc:pathway.

3 Term index

agriculture (including biofuel feedstocks) | angling/fishing equipment | aquaculture/mariculture | biological control | botanic garden/zoo/aquaria (excluding domestic aquaria) | conservation or wildlife management | container/bulk | contaminant nursery material | contaminant on animals (except parasites, organisms transported by host/vector) | contaminant on plants (except parasites, species transported by host/vector) | contaminated bait | corridor | corridor and dispersal | erosion control | escape from confinement | farmed animals (including animals left under limited control) | fishery in the wild | food contaminant (including of live food) | forestry (including reforestation) | fur farms | hitchhikers in or on airplane | hitchhikers on ship/boat (excluding ballast water and hull fouling) | horticulture | hunting | intentional | interconnected waterways/basins/seas | landscape improvement | live food and live bait | machinery/equipment | natural dispersal across borders of invasive alien organisms | organic packing material, in particular wood packaging | ornamental purpose other than horticulture | other escape from confinement | other intentional release | other means of transport | parasites on animals (including organisms transported by host and vector) | parasites on plants (including species transported by host and vector) | pathway concept scheme | people and their luggage/equipment (in particular tourism) | pet/aquarium/terrarium species (including live food for such species) | release in nature | released for use | research and ex-situ breeding (in facilities) | seed contaminant | ship/boat ballast water | ship/boat hull fouling | timber trade | transport-contaminant | transport-stowaway | transportation of habitat material (soil, vegetation, wood etc) | tunnels and land bridges | unaided | unintentional | vehicles (car, train, etc.)

4 Vocabulary

Term Name dwcpw:p
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p-2020-10-13
Label pathway concept scheme
Definition A SKOS Concept Scheme to be used as a controlled vocabulary for the Darwin Core terms dwc:pathway and dwciri:pathway
Type http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#ConceptScheme
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p001
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p001
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p001-2020-10-13
Label biological control
Definition Organisms occuring in an area because they were introduced for the purpose of biological control of another organism.
Notes Released intentionally into the (semi)natural environment with the purpose of controlling the population(s) of one or more organisms. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value biologicalControl
Has broader concept dwcpw:p045
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p002
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p002
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p002-2020-10-13
Label erosion control
Definition Organisms introduced for the purpose of erosion control/dune stabilization (windbreaks, hedges, etc).
Notes Probably only applicable only to plants. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value erosionControl
Has broader concept dwcpw:p045
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p003
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p003
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p003-2020-10-13
Label fishery in the wild
Definition Fish stocked into the wild either to create a fishery or for recreational angling.
Notes Largely applicable to freshwater and anadromous fish. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value fisheryInTheWild
Has broader concept dwcpw:p045
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p004
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p004
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p004-2020-10-13
Label hunting
Definition Animals stocked into the wild specifically with the intention that they would be hunted for sport.
Notes Largely applicable to terrestrial vertebrates. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value hunting
Has broader concept dwcpw:p045
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p005
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p005
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p005-2020-10-13
Label landscape improvement
Definition Landscape/flora/fauna "improvement" in the wild.
Notes "Improvement" in this context is intended for introductions for the purpose of aesthetic enhancement of the landscape, as opposed to practical introductions for the purpose of erosion control, agriculture, forestry etc. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value landscapeImprovement
Has broader concept dwcpw:p045
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p006
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p006
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p006-2020-10-13
Label conservation or wildlife management
Definition Organisms introduced for conservation purposes or wildlife management.
Notes The organism was released with the intention of improving its conservation status of the species or the conservation status other species in the habitat. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value conservationOrWildlifeManagement
Has broader concept dwcpw:p045
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p007
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p007
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p007-2020-10-13
Label released for use
Definition Release in nature for use (other than above, e.g., fur, transport, medical use).
Notes This term refers to organisms intentionally and directly released into the wild to serve a specific purpose. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value releasedForUse
Has broader concept dwcpw:p045
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p008
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p008
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p008-2020-10-13
Label other intentional release
Definition A catch-all for intentional releases not for human use that are not covered by other more specific terms.
Notes Compare with "other escape from confinement". See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value otherIntentionalRelease
Has broader concept dwcpw:p045
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p009
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p009
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p009-2020-10-13
Label agriculture (including biofuel feedstocks)
Definition Plants grown with then intention of harvesting.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value agriculture
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p010
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p010
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p010-2020-10-13
Label aquaculture/mariculture
Definition The analog of agriculture and farmed animals, specifically related to aquatic organisms.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value aquacultureMariculture
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p011
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p011
Modified 2020-10-28
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p011-2020-10-28
Label botanic garden/zoo/aquaria (excluding domestic aquaria)
Definition Organisms in public collections of plants and/or animals.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value publicGardenZooAquaria
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p012
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p012
Modified 2020-10-28
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p012-2020-10-28
Label pet/aquarium/terrarium species (including live food for such species)
Definition Privately kept animals.
Usage Animals kept for hunting, such as falcons and ferrets SHOULD be included here, not under the hunting term
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value pet
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p013
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p013
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p013-2020-10-13
Label farmed animals (including animals left under limited control)
Definition Animals cared for and bred with the specific intention of using their products, such as meat and milk.
Notes Farmed animals are generally kept in a defined area, such as a fields. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value farmedAnimals
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p014
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p014
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p014-2020-10-13
Label forestry (including reforestation)
Definition Trees specifically introduced to provide timber and other forestry products.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value forestry
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p015
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p015
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p015-2020-10-13
Label fur farms
Definition Organisms escaped from a fur farms, including unauthorised releases.
Notes Probably only applicable to vertebrates raised for their pelts and skins. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value fur
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p016
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p016
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p016-2020-10-13
Label horticulture
Definition Plants distributed by the ornamental and decorative plants industry.
Usage This term excludes plants and other organisms from aquaria and terrariums from the aquarium and terrarium trade which SHOULD be classified under the pet/aquarium/terrarium term.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value horticulture
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p017
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p017
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p017-2020-10-13
Label ornamental purpose other than horticulture
Definition Ornamental plants introduced through pathways other than the horticultural industry.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value ornamentalNonHorticulture
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p018
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p018
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p018-2020-10-13
Label research and ex-situ breeding (in facilities)
Definition Plants and animals introduced for the purpose of breeding, scientific and medical research, including science education.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value research
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p019
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p019
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p019-2020-10-13
Label live food and live bait
Definition Live food imported for human consumption, such as shellfish and snails, and for live bait.
Notes Live food, such as mealworms, for the organisms kept as pets should be classified under the pet term. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value liveFoodLiveBait
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p020
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p020
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p020-2020-10-13
Label other escape from confinement
Definition Organisms brought into an area with the intention of keeping them in captivity permanently, but that have subsequently escaped.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value otherEscape
Has broader concept dwcpw:p046
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p021
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p021
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p021-2020-10-13
Label contaminant nursery material
Definition Organisms transported into an area together with plant material.
Notes These may be other plants, diseases, fungi and animals. They may be attached to the plant or within the soil. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value contaminantNursery
Has broader concept dwcpw:p047
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p022
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p022
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p022-2020-10-13
Label contaminated bait
Definition Contaminants, pathogens and parasites transported with live, frozen or preserved bait used to catch fish or other organisms.
Notes Typical examples include crustaceans, cephalopods and molluscs. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value contaminateBait
Has broader concept dwcpw:p047
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p023
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p023
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p023-2020-10-13
Label food contaminant (including of live food)
Definition Foods for human consumption, whether they are transported life or dead.
Notes This term includes unintentional introduction of contaminants such as diseases on those foods and in the case of plants, should include seeds. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value foodContaminant
Has broader concept dwcpw:p047
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p024
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p024
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p024-2020-10-13
Label contaminant on animals (except parasites, organisms transported by host/vector)
Definition Contaminants carried either on or in the body of transported animals.
Usage This term excludes parasites and pathogens, which SHOULD be classified under their own specific term ("parasites on animals").
Notes Transported animals carry other organisms in their coat, on thier gut and in soil on their hooves and feet. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value contaminantOnAnimals
Has broader concept dwcpw:p047
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p025
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p025
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p025-2020-10-13
Label parasites on animals (including organisms transported by host and vector)
Definition Parasitic and pathogenic organisms transported with their host or vector animal.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value parasitesOnAnimals
Has broader concept dwcpw:p047
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p026
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p026
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p026-2020-10-13
Label contaminant on plants (except parasites, species transported by host/vector)
Definition Organisms transported on plant material.
Usage This term excludes organisms carried on contaminant nursery material, seed contaminants, and the timber trade, which SHOULD be classified under their own pathway terms.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value contaminantOnPlants
Has broader concept dwcpw:p047
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p027
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p027
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p027-2020-10-13
Label parasites on plants (including species transported by host and vector)
Definition Parasitic and pathogenic organisms transported with their host or vector plant.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value parasitesOnPlants
Has broader concept dwcpw:p047
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p028
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p028
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p028-2020-10-13
Label seed contaminant
Definition Organisms contaminating transported seeds.
Notes These may be parasites or pathogens of the seeds, seeds of other species not intended to be transported, or species that eat seeds. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value seedContaminant
Has broader concept dwcpw:p047
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p029
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p029
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p029-2020-10-13
Label timber trade
Definition Contaminants on unprocessed timber, processed wood and wood derived products.
Usage This term excludes packing material and habitat material made from wood that SHOULD be included under their own terms ("packing material" and "transportation of habitat material").
Notes Examples include wooden furniture, saw dust and fire wood. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value timberTrade
Has broader concept dwcpw:p047
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p030
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p030
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p030-2020-10-13
Label transportation of habitat material (soil, vegetation, wood etc)
Definition Organisms transported with their habitat material to a new location.
Notes Examples include materials such as soil, vegetation, straw and wood chips. Unless these materials are sterilised the organisms can be transported with their habitat to a new location. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value transportationHabitatMaterial
Has broader concept dwcpw:p047
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p031
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p031
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p031-2020-10-13
Label angling/fishing equipment
Definition Aquatic organisms moved between sites on equipment of recreational anglers and professional fishermen.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value fishingEquipment
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p032
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p032
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p032-2020-10-13
Label container/bulk
Definition Stowaways transported in or on the cargo containers or bulk cargo units themselves.
Notes The difference between this category and others, such as "hitchhikers on ship/boat", is that the organism embarked and disembarked from the container itself rather than the ship. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value containerBulk
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p033
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p033
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p033-2020-10-13
Label hitchhikers in or on airplane
Definition Organisms that enter airplanes or other aircraft, such as helicopters, and are transported by them to another location.
Notes This term does not apply to organisms that embarked onto containers that were subsequently loaded on to an aircraft. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value hitchhikersAirplane
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p034
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p034
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p034-2020-10-13
Label hitchhikers on ship/boat (excluding ballast water and hull fouling)
Definition Organisms that enter directly onto boats or ships and are transported by them to another location.
Notes This term does not apply to organisms that embarked containers that are subsequently loaded on the ship, nor to contaminents of products loaded on the ship. The term is intended for organisms that directly interact with the boat or ship. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value hitchhikersShip
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p035
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p035
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p035-2020-10-13
Label machinery/equipment
Definition Organisms carried on the surfaces of or within heavy machinery and equipment.
Notes This includes military equipment, farm machinery and manufacturing equipment. This term does not include products carried by vehicles. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value machineryEquipment
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p036
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p036
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p036-2020-10-13
Label people and their luggage/equipment (in particular tourism)
Definition Organisms transported on people themselves and/or their personal luggage.
Usage This term excludes recreational angling equipment, which SHOULD be classified under its own term ("angling/fishing equipment").
Notes Examples include organisms transported by tourists. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value people
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p037
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p037
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p037-2020-10-13
Label organic packing material, in particular wood packaging
Definition Organic material, particularly unprocessed plant material that is used to pack transported goods.
Notes Examples include woodern pallets, boxes, bags and baskets. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value packingMaterial
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p038
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p038
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p038-2020-10-13
Label ship/boat ballast water
Definition Organisms transported within the water pumped into boats and ships to provide ballast.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value ballastWater
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p039
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p039
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p039-2020-10-13
Label ship/boat hull fouling
Definition Organisms that attach themselves to the subsurface hull of boats and ships.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value hullFouling
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p040
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p040
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p040-2020-10-13
Label vehicles (car, train, etc.)
Definition Other vehicle hitchhikers that have been unintentionally dispersed, but are not covered by other terms.
Notes These organisms may be carried on or within the vehicle. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value vehicles
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p041
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p041
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p041-2020-10-13
Label other means of transport
Definition A catchall term for any transport related dispersal that is not covered in other terms.
Notes Examples include the movement of offshore installations, such as drilling platforms, but also pipeline and cable transport. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value otherTransport
Has broader concept dwcpw:p048
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p042
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p042
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p042-2020-10-13
Label interconnected waterways/basins/seas
Definition Organisms that dispersed through artificial waterways created to connect previosuly unconnected water bodies.
Usage Organisms transported along these corridors in ballast, on as hull fouling SHOULD be categorised under the "ship/boat ballast water" or "ship/boat hull fouling" terms.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value waterwaysBasinsSeas
Has broader concept dwcpw:p049
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p043
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p043
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p043-2020-10-13
Label tunnels and land bridges
Definition Unintentional dispersal by organisms using artificial tunnels, bridges, roads and railways.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value tunnelsBridges
Has broader concept dwcpw:p049
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p044
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p044
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p044-2020-10-13
Label natural dispersal across borders of invasive alien organisms
Definition Dispersal of organisms to new regions by natural dispersal from regions in which they are alien.
Notes These are alien species that have previously been introduced through one of these pathways: release in nature, excape from confinement, transport-contaminant, transport-stowaway, or corridor. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value naturalDispersal
Has broader concept dwcpw:p050
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p045
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p045
Modified 2020-10-28
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p045-2020-10-28
Label release in nature
Definition Organisms transported and released by humans in a (semi)natural environment with the intention that they should live there without further human aid.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value releaseInNature
Has broader concept dwcpw:p051
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p046
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p046
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p046-2020-10-13
Label escape from confinement
Definition Organisms intentionally transported by humans and intended to be kept in captivity or cultivation, but having inadvertently escaped from human control.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value escapeFromConfinement
Has broader concept dwcpw:p051
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p047
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p047
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p047-2020-10-13
Label transport-contaminant
Definition An umbrella term for all species transported as contaninents in other products.
Notes An alien species is a contaminant if it had a trophic or biotic relationship to organisms or items being transported and was to some extent dependent on them for survival. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value transportContaminant
Has broader concept dwcpw:p052
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p048
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p048
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p048-2020-10-13
Label transport-stowaway
Definition An umbrella term for all species transported by riding on forms of transport where the organism has a direct interation with the transport and is not merely carried as part of, or a contaminent of cargo.
Notes A stowaway has no trophic or biotic relationship to the organisms or items being transported. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value transportStowaway
Has broader concept dwcpw:p052
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p049
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p049
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p049-2020-10-13
Label corridor
Definition Infrastructure, such as bridges, tunnels and canals have removed natural barriers to dispersal and allowed a species to move into a novel location.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value corridor
Has broader concept dwcpw:p053
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p050
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p050
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p050-2020-10-13
Label unaided
Definition Organisms that spread by natural dispersal, without action or assistance by humans, from regions in which they are also alien.
Notes The term refers to secondary dispersal from an area where the taxon is also alien. See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value unaided
Has broader concept dwcpw:p053
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p051
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p051
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p051-2020-10-13
Label intentional
Definition Organisms were brought to new area with the specific intention of keeping them alive in the new region, regardless of whether they were intended to be cultivated or released into the wild.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value intentional
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p052
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p052
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p052-2020-10-13
Label unintentional
Definition The organism was unintentionally brought to a new region.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value unintentional
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22
Term Name dwcpw:p053
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/p053
Modified 2020-10-13
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwcpw/values/version/p053-2020-10-13
Label corridor and dispersal
Definition Organisms dispersed naturally, even if that dispersal was aided by changes in the landscape created by humans.
Notes See also Harrower et al. 2017 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519129
Controlled value corridorAndDispersal
Type Concept
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2020-10-13_22