List of Darwin Core terms

Title
List of Darwin Core terms
Date version issued
2020-08-20
Date created
2020-08-12
Part of TDWG Standard
http://www.tdwg.org/standards/450
This version
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/doc/list/2020-08-20
Latest version
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/doc/list/
Previous version
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/doc/list/2020-08-12
Abstract
Darwin Core is a vocabulary standard for transmitting information about biodiversity. This document lists all terms in namespaces currently used in the vocabulary.
Contributors
John Wieczorek (VertNet), Peter Desmet (INBO), Steve Baskauf (Vanderbilt University Libraries), Tim Robertson (GBIF), Markus Döring (GBIF), Quentin Groom (Botanic Garden Meise), Stijn Van Hoey (INBO), David Bloom (VertNet), Paula Zermoglio (VertNet), Robert Guralnick (University of Florida), John Deck (Genomic Biodiversity Working Group), Gail Kampmeier (INHS), Dave Vieglais (KUNHM), Renato De Giovanni (CRIA), Campbell Webb (TDWG RDF/OWL Task Group), Paul J. Morris (Harvard University Herbaria/Museum of Comparative Zoölogy), Mark Schildhauer (NCEAS)
Creator
TDWG Darwin Core Maintenance Group
Bibliographic citation
Darwin Core Maintenance Group. 2020. List of Darwin Core terms. Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG). http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/doc/list/2020-08-20

1 Introduction (Informative)

This document contains terms that are part of the most recent version of the Darwin Core vocabulary (http://rs.tdwg.org/version/dwc/2020-08-20).

This document includes terms in four namespaces that contain recommended terms: dwc:, dwciri:, dc:, and dcterms:. However, some terms in these namespaces are deprecated or superseded and should no longer be used. Deprecation or supersession is noted in the term metadata. Namespaces that contain only deprecated terms are not included in this document, but metadata about those terms can be retrieved by dereferencing their IRIs.

For a simplified list that contains only the currently recommended terms, see the Darwin Core Quick Reference Guide.

1.1 Status of the content of this document

Sections 1 and 3 are non-normative.

Section 2 is normative.

In Section 4, the values of the Term IRI and Definition are normative. The values of Term Name are non-normative, although one can expect that the namespace abbreviation prefix is one commonly used for the term namespace. Label and the values of all other properties (such as Examples and Notes) are non-normative.

1.2 RFC 2119 key words

The key words “MUST”, “MUST NOT”, “REQUIRED”, “SHALL”, “SHALL NOT”, “SHOULD”, “SHOULD NOT”, “RECOMMENDED”, “MAY”, and “OPTIONAL” in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.

1.3 Namespace abbreviations

The following namespace abbreviations are used in this document:

abbreviation IRI
dwc: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
dwciri: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/
dc: http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/
dcterms: http://purl.org/dc/terms/

2 Use of Terms

Due to the requirements of Section 1.4.3 of the Darwin Core RDF Guide, terms in the dwciri: namespace MUST be used with IRI values. Terms in the dwc: and dc: namespaces are generally expected to have string literal values. Values for terms in the dcterms: namespace will depend on the details of the term. See Section 3 of the Darwin Core RDF Guide for details.

3 Term indices

3.1 Index By Term Name

(See also 3.2 Index By Label)

Classes

dwc:Dataset | dwc:Event | dwc:EventAttribute | dwc:EventMeasurement | dwc:FossilSpecimen | dwc:GeologicalContext | dwc:HumanObservation | dwc:Identification | dwc:LivingSpecimen | dcterms:Location | dwc:MachineObservation | dwc:MaterialSample | dwc:MeasurementOrFact | dwc:Occurrence | dwc:OccurrenceMeasurement | dwc:Organism | dwc:PreservedSpecimen | dwc:ResourceRelationship | dwc:Sample | dwc:SampleAttribute | dwc:SamplingEvent | dwc:SamplingLocation | dwc:Taxon

Record level

dwc:accordingTo | dwc:accuracy | dwc:DwCType

Dublin Core legacy namespace

dc:language | dc:type

Dublin Core terms namespace

dcterms:accessRights | dcterms:bibliographicCitation | dcterms:language | dcterms:license | dcterms:modified | dcterms:references | dcterms:rights | dcterms:rightsHolder | dcterms:type

Occurrence

dwc:associatedMedia | dwc:associatedReferences | dwc:associatedSequences | dwc:associatedTaxa | dwc:behavior | dwc:catalogNumber | dwc:CatalogNumberNumeric | dwc:disposition | dwc:establishmentMeans | dwc:individualCount | dwc:individualID | dwc:lifeStage | dwc:occurrenceAttributes | dwc:occurrenceDetails | dwc:occurrenceID | dwc:occurrenceRemarks | dwc:occurrenceStatus | dwc:organismQuantity | dwc:organismQuantityType | dwc:otherCatalogNumbers | dwc:preparations | dwc:recordedBy | dwc:recordNumber | dwc:reproductiveCondition | dwc:sex

Organism

dwc:associatedOccurrences | dwc:associatedOrganisms | dwc:organismID | dwc:organismName | dwc:organismRemarks | dwc:organismScope | dwc:previousIdentifications

Material Sample

dwc:materialSampleID

Event

dwc:day | dwc:EarliestDateCollected | dwc:endDayOfYear | dwc:EndTimeOfDay | dwc:eventAttributes | dwc:eventDate | dwc:eventID | dwc:eventRemarks | dwc:eventTime | dwc:fieldNotes | dwc:fieldNumber | dwc:habitat | dwc:LatestDateCollected | dwc:month | dwc:parentEventID | dwc:sampleSizeUnit | dwc:sampleSizeValue | dwc:samplingEffort | dwc:samplingProtocol | dwc:startDayOfYear | dwc:StartTimeOfDay | dwc:verbatimEventDate | dwc:year

Location

dwc:continent | dwc:coordinatePrecision | dwc:coordinateUncertaintyInMeters | dwc:country | dwc:countryCode | dwc:county | dwc:decimalLatitude | dwc:decimalLongitude | dwc:footprintSpatialFit | dwc:footprintSRS | dwc:footprintWKT | dwc:geodeticDatum | dwc:georeferencedBy | dwc:georeferencedDate | dwc:georeferenceProtocol | dwc:georeferenceRemarks | dwc:georeferenceSources | dwc:georeferenceVerificationStatus | dwc:higherGeography | dwc:higherGeographyID | dwc:island | dwc:islandGroup | dwc:locality | dwc:locationAccordingTo | dwc:locationAttributes | dwc:locationID | dwc:locationRemarks | dwc:maximumDepthInMeters | dwc:maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters | dwc:maximumElevationInMeters | dwc:minimumDepthInMeters | dwc:minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters | dwc:minimumElevationInMeters | dwc:municipality | dwc:pointRadiusSpatialFit | dwc:SamplingLocationID | dwc:SamplingLocationRemarks | dwc:stateProvince | dwc:verbatimCoordinates | dwc:verbatimCoordinateSystem | dwc:verbatimDepth | dwc:verbatimElevation | dwc:verbatimLatitude | dwc:verbatimLocality | dwc:verbatimLongitude | dwc:verbatimSRS | dwc:waterBody

Geological Context

dwc:bed | dwc:earliestAgeOrLowestStage | dwc:earliestEonOrLowestEonothem | dwc:earliestEpochOrLowestSeries | dwc:earliestEraOrLowestErathem | dwc:earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem | dwc:formation | dwc:geologicalContextID | dwc:group | dwc:highestBiostratigraphicZone | dwc:latestAgeOrHighestStage | dwc:latestEonOrHighestEonothem | dwc:latestEpochOrHighestSeries | dwc:latestEraOrHighestErathem | dwc:latestPeriodOrHighestSystem | dwc:lithostratigraphicTerms | dwc:lowestBiostratigraphicZone | dwc:member

Identification

dwc:dateIdentified | dwc:identificationAttributes | dwc:identificationID | dwc:identificationQualifier | dwc:identificationReferences | dwc:identificationRemarks | dwc:identificationVerificationStatus | dwc:identifiedBy | dwc:PreviousIdentifications | dwc:typeStatus

Taxon

dwc:acceptedNameUsage | dwc:acceptedNameUsageID | dwc:acceptedScientificName | dwc:acceptedScientificNameID | dwc:AcceptedTaxon | dwc:AcceptedTaxonID | dwc:acceptedTaxonID | dwc:acceptedTaxonName | dwc:acceptedTaxonNameID | dwc:basionym | dwc:basionymID | dwc:binomial | dwc:class | dwc:family | dwc:genus | dwc:higherClassification | dwc:HigherTaxon | dwc:higherTaxonconceptID | dwc:HigherTaxonID | dwc:higherTaxonName | dwc:higherTaxonNameID | dwc:infraspecificEpithet | dwc:kingdom | dwc:nameAccordingTo | dwc:nameAccordingToID | dwc:namePublicationID | dwc:namePublishedIn | dwc:namePublishedInID | dwc:namePublishedInYear | dwc:nomenclaturalCode | dwc:nomenclaturalStatus | dwc:order | dwc:originalNameUsage | dwc:originalNameUsageID | dwc:parentNameUsage | dwc:parentNameUsageID | dwc:phylum | dwc:scientificName | dwc:scientificNameAuthorship | dwc:scientificNameID | dwc:scientificNameRank | dwc:specificEpithet | dwc:subgenus | dwc:taxonAccordingTo | dwc:taxonAttributes | dwc:taxonConceptID | dwc:TaxonID | dwc:taxonID | dwc:taxonNameID | dwc:taxonomicStatus | dwc:taxonRank | dwc:taxonRemarks | dwc:verbatimScientificNameRank | dwc:verbatimTaxonRank | dwc:vernacularName

Measurement or Fact

dwc:measurementAccuracy | dwc:measurementDeterminedBy | dwc:measurementDeterminedDate | dwc:measurementID | dwc:measurementMethod | dwc:measurementRemarks | dwc:measurementType | dwc:measurementUnit | dwc:measurementValue

Resource Relationship

dwc:RelatedBasisOfRecord | dwc:relatedResourceID | dwc:relatedResourceType | dwc:relationshipAccordingTo | dwc:relationshipEstablishedDate | dwc:relationshipOfResource | dwc:relationshipRemarks | dwc:resourceID | dwc:resourceRelationshipID

IRI-value terms

dwciri:behavior | dwciri:dataGeneralizations | dwciri:disposition | dwciri:earliestGeochronologicalEra | dwciri:establishmentMeans | dwciri:fieldNotes | dwciri:fieldNumber | dwciri:footprintSRS | dwciri:footprintWKT | dwciri:fromLithostratigraphicUnit | dwciri:geodeticDatum | dwciri:georeferencedBy | dwciri:georeferenceProtocol | dwciri:georeferenceSources | dwciri:georeferenceVerificationStatus | dwciri:habitat | dwciri:identificationQualifier | dwciri:identificationVerificationStatus | dwciri:identifiedBy | dwciri:inCollection | dwciri:inDataset | dwciri:inDescribedPlace | dwciri:informationWithheld | dwciri:latestGeochronologicalEra | dwciri:lifeStage | dwciri:locationAccordingTo | dwciri:measurementDeterminedBy | dwciri:measurementMethod | dwciri:measurementType | dwciri:measurementUnit | dwciri:occurrenceStatus | dwciri:organismQuantityType | dwciri:preparations | dwciri:recordedBy | dwciri:recordNumber | dwciri:reproductiveCondition | dwciri:sampleSizeUnit | dwciri:samplingProtocol | dwciri:sex | dwciri:toTaxon | dwciri:typeStatus | dwciri:verbatimCoordinateSystem | dwciri:verbatimSRS

3.2 Index By Label

(See also 3.1 Index By Term Name)

Classes

Dataset | Event | Event Attribute | Event Measurement | Fossil Specimen | Geological Context | Human Observation | Identification | Living Specimen | Location | Machine Observation | Material Sample | Measurement or Fact | Occurrence | Occurrence Measurement | Organism | Preserved Specimen | Resource Relationship | Sample | Sample Attribute | Sampling Event | Sampling Location | Taxon

Record level

According To | Accuracy | Darwin Core Type

Dublin Core legacy namespace

Language | Type

Dublin Core terms namespace

Access Rights | Bibliographic Citation | Date Modified | Language | License | References | Rights | Rights Holder | Type

Occurrence

Associated Media | Associated References | Associated Sequences | Associated Taxa | Behavior | Catalog Number | Catalog Number Numeric | Disposition | Establishment Means | Individual Count | Individual ID | Life Stage | Occurrence Attributes | Occurrence Details | Occurrence ID | Occurrence Remarks | Occurrence Status | Organism Quantity | Organism Quantity Type | Other Catalog Numbers | Preparations | Record Number | Recorded By | Reproductive Condition | Sex

Organism

Associated Occurrences | Associated Organisms | Organism ID | Organism Name | Organism Remarks | Organism Scope | Previous Identifications

Material Sample

Material Sample ID

Event

Day | Earliest Date Collected | End Day Of Year | End Time of Day | Event Attributes | Event Date | Event ID | Event Remarks | Event Time | Field Notes | Field Number | Habitat | Latest Date Collected | Month | Parent Event ID | Sample Size Unit | Sample Size Value | Sampling Effort | Sampling Protocol | Start Day Of Year | Start Time of Day | Verbatim EventDate | Year

Location

Continent | Coordinate Precision | Coordinate Uncertainty In Meters | Country | Country Code | County | Decimal Latitude | Decimal Longitude | Footprint SRS | Footprint Spatial Fit | Footprint WKT | Geodetic Datum | Georeference Protocol | Georeference Remarks | Georeference Sources | Georeference Verification Status | Georeferenced By | Georeferenced Date | Higher Geography | Higher Geography ID | Island | Island Group | Locality | Location According To | Location Attributes | Location ID | Location Remarks | Maximum Depth In Meters | Maximum Distance Above Surface In Meters | Maximum Elevation In Meters | Minimum Depth In Meters | Minimum Distance Above Surface In Meters | Minimum Elevation In Meters | Municipality | Point Radius Spatial Fit | Sampling Location ID | Sampling Location Remarks | State Province | Verbatim Coordinate System | Verbatim Coordinates | Verbatim Depth | Verbatim Elevation | Verbatim Latitude | Verbatim Locality | Verbatim Longitude | Verbatim SRS | Water Body

Geological Context

Bed | Earliest Age Or Lowest Stage | Earliest Eon Or Lowest Eonothem | Earliest Epoch Or Lowest Series | Earliest Era Or Lowest Erathem | Earliest Period Or Lowest System | Formation | Geological Context ID | Group | Highest Biostratigraphic Zone | Latest AgeOr Highest Stage | Latest Eon Or Highest Eonothem | Latest Epoch Or Highest Series | Latest Era Or Highest Erathem | Latest Period Or Highest System | Lithostratigraphic Terms | Lowest Biostratigraphic Zone | Member

Identification

Date Identified | Identification Attributes | Identification ID | Identification Qualifier | Identification References | Identification Remarks | Identification Verification Status | Identified By | Previous Identifications | Type Status

Taxon

Accepted Name Usage | Accepted Name Usage ID | Accepted Scientific Name | Accepted Scientific Name ID | Accepted Taxon | Accepted Taxon ID | Accepted Taxon Name | Accepted Taxon Name ID | Basionym | Basionym ID | Binomial | Class | Family | Genus | Higher Classification | Higher Taxon | Higher Taxon Concept ID | Higher Taxon ID | Higher Taxon Name | Higher Taxon Name ID | Infraspecific Epithet | Kingdom | Name According To | Name According To ID | Name Publication ID | Name Published In | Name Published In ID | Name Published In Year | Nomenclatural Code | Nomenclatural Status | Order | Original Name Usage | Original Name Usage ID | Parent Name Usage | Parent Name Usage ID | Phylum | Scientific Name | Scientific Name Authorship | Scientific Name ID | Scientific Name Rank | Specific Epithet | Subgenus | Taxon According To | Taxon Attributes | Taxon Concept ID | Taxon ID | Taxon Name ID | Taxon Rank | Taxon Remarks | Taxonomic Status | Verbatim Scientific Name Rank | Verbatim Taxon Rank | Vernacular Name

Measurement or Fact

Measurement Accuracy | Measurement Determined By | Measurement Determined Date | Measurement ID | Measurement Method | Measurement Remarks | Measurement Type | Measurement Unit | Measurement Value

Resource Relationship

Related Basis of Record | Related Resource ID | Related Resource Type | Relationship According To | Relationship Established Date | Relationship Of Resource | Relationship Remarks | Resource ID | Resource Relationship ID

IRI-value terms

Behavior (IRI) | Data Generalizations (IRI) | Disposition (IRI) | Earliest Geochronological Era | Establishment Means (IRI) | Field Notes (IRI) | Field Number (IRI) | Footprint SRS (IRI) | Footprint WKT (IRI) | From Lithostratigraphic Unit | Geodetic Datum (IRI) | Georeference Protocol (IRI) | Georeference Sources (IRI) | Georeference Verification Status (IRI) | Georeferenced By (IRI) | Habitat (IRI) | Identification Qualifier (IRI) | Identification Verification Status (IRI) | Identified By (IRI) | In Collection | In Dataset | In Described Place | Information Withheld (IRI) | Latest Geochronological Era | Life Stage (IRI) | Location According To (IRI) | Measurement Determined By (IRI) | Measurement Method (IRI) | Measurement Type (IRI) | Measurement Unit (IRI) | Occurrence Status (IRI) | Organism Quantity Type (IRI) | Preparations (IRI) | Record Number (IRI) | Recorded By (IRI) | Reproductive Condition (IRI) | Sampling Protocol (IRI) | Sampling Size Unit (IRI) | Sex (IRI) | To Taxon | Type Status (IRI) | Verbatim Coordinate System (IRI) | Verbatim SRS (IRI)

4 Vocabulary

Term Name dwc:acceptedNameUsage
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsage
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/acceptedNameUsage-2017-10-06
Label Accepted Name Usage
Definition The full name, with authorship and date information if known, of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.
Examples `Tamias minimus` (valid name for Eutamias minimus).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:acceptedNameUsageID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsageID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/acceptedNameUsageID-2017-10-06
Label Accepted Name Usage ID
Definition An identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.
Examples `8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:acceptedScientificName
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedScientificName
Modified 2009-09-21
Label Accepted Scientific Name
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsage
Definition The currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name for the scientificName.
Notes Example: "Tamias minimus" valid name for "Eutamias minimus"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:acceptedScientificNameID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedScientificNameID
Modified 2009-08-24
Label Accepted Scientific Name ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedTaxonID
Definition A unique identifier for the acceptedScientificName.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:AcceptedTaxon
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/AcceptedTaxon
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Accepted Taxon
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedTaxonName
Definition The currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name for the ScientificName.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:AcceptedTaxonID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/AcceptedTaxonID
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Accepted Taxon ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedTaxonNameID
Definition A global unique identifier for the parent to the AcceptedTaxon.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:acceptedTaxonID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedTaxonID
Modified 2009-09-21
Label Accepted Taxon ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsageID
Definition An identifier for the name of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon. See acceptedTaxon.
Notes Example: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:acceptedTaxonName
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedTaxonName
Modified 2009-07-06
Label Accepted Taxon Name
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedScientificName
Definition The currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name for the scientificName.
Notes Example: "Tamias minimus" valid name for "Eutamias minimus"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:acceptedTaxonNameID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedTaxonNameID
Modified 2009-07-06
Label Accepted Taxon Name ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedScientificNameID
Definition A unique identifier for the acceptedTaxonName.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:AccessConstraints
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/AccessConstraints
Modified 2009-09-21
Label Access Constraints
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://purl.org/dc/terms/accessRights
Definition A description of constraints on the use of the data as shared or access to further data that is not shared.
Notes Example: "not-for-profit use only".
Type Property
Term Name dcterms:accessRights
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/terms/accessRights
Modified 2008-01-14
Term version IRI http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#accessRights-002
Label Access Rights
Definition Information about who can access the resource or an indication of its security status.
Notes Access Rights may include information regarding access or restrictions based on privacy, security, or other policies.
Examples `not-for-profit use only`, `https://www.fieldmuseum.org/field-museum-natural-history-conditions-and-suggested-norms-use-collections-data-and-images`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:accordingTo
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/accordingTo
Modified 2020-08-06
Label According To
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition Abstract term to attribute information to a source.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:accuracy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/accuracy
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Accuracy
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition Abstract term to capture error information about a measurement or fact.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:associatedMedia
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedMedia
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/associatedMedia-2020-08-12
Label Associated Media
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of media associated with the Occurrence.
Examples `https://arctos.database.museum/media/10520962 | https://arctos.database.museum/media/10520964`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:associatedOccurrences
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedOccurrences
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/associatedOccurrences-2017-10-06
Label Associated Occurrences
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers of other Occurrence records and their associations to this Occurrence.
Examples `http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Mamm:292063?seid=3175067 | http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Mamm:292063?seid=3177393 | http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Mamm:292063?seid=3177394 | http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Mamm:292063?seid=3177392 | http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Mamm:292063?seid=3609139`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_14
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:associatedOrganisms
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedOrganisms
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/associatedOrganisms-2017-10-06
Label Associated Organisms
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers of other Organisms and their associations to this Organism.
Examples `"sibling of":"DMNS:Mamm http://arctos.database.museum/guid/DMNS:Mamm:14171"`, `"parent of":"MSB:Mamm http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Mamm:196208" | "parent of":"MSB:Mamm http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Mamm:196523" | "sibling of":"MSB:Mamm http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Mamm:142638"`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_14
Term Name dwc:associatedReferences
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedReferences
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/associatedReferences-2017-10-06
Label Associated References
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, bibliographic reference, global unique identifier, URI) of literature associated with the Occurrence.
Examples `http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/322/5899/261`, `Christopher J. Conroy, Jennifer L. Neuwald. 2008. Phylogeographic study of the California vole, Microtus californicus Journal of Mammalogy, 89(3):755-767.`, `Steven R. Hoofer and Ronald A. Van Den Bussche. 2001. Phylogenetic Relationships of Plecotine Bats and Allies Based on Mitochondrial Ribosomal Sequences. Journal of Mammalogy 82(1):131-137. | Walker, Faith M., Jeffrey T. Foster, Kevin P. Drees, Carol L. Chambers. 2014. Spotted bat (Euderma maculatum) microsatellite discovery using illumina sequencing. Conservation Genetics Resources.`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:associatedSequences
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedSequences
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/associatedSequences-2017-10-06
Label Associated Sequences
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of genetic sequence information associated with the Occurrence.
Examples `http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/U34853.1`, `http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/GU328060 | http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AF326093`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:associatedTaxa
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedTaxa
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/associatedTaxa-2017-10-06
Label Associated Taxa
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers or names of taxa and their associations with the Occurrence.
Examples `"host":"Quercus alba"`, `"parasitoid of":"Cyclocephala signaticollis" | "predator of":"Apis mellifera"`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:basionym
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basionym
Modified 2009-09-21
Label Basionym
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsage
Definition The basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName.
Notes Example: "Pinus abies"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:basionymID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basionymID
Modified 2009-09-21
Label Basionym ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsageID
Definition A unique identifier for the basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:basisOfRecord
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basisOfRecord
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/basisOfRecord-2017-10-06
Label Basis of Record
Definition The specific nature of the data record.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use the standard label of one of the Darwin Core classes.
Examples `PreservedSpecimen`, `FossilSpecimen`, `LivingSpecimen`, `MaterialSample`, `Event`, `HumanObservation`, `MachineObservation`, `Taxon`, `Occurrence`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2009-12-07_2
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:bed
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/bed
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/bed-2017-10-06
Label Bed
Definition The full name of the lithostratigraphic bed from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Harlem coal`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:behavior
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/behavior
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/behavior-2015-03-27
Label Behavior (IRI)
Definition A description of the behavior shown by the subject at the time the Occurrence was recorded.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:behavior
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/behavior
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/behavior-2017-10-06
Label Behavior
Definition The behavior shown by the subject at the time the Occurrence was recorded.
Examples `roosting`, `foraging`, `running`
Type Property
Term Name dcterms:bibliographicCitation
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/terms/bibliographicCitation
Modified 2008-01-14
Term version IRI http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#bibliographicCitation-002
Label Bibliographic Citation
Definition A bibliographic reference for the resource as a statement indicating how this record should be cited (attributed) when used.
Notes Recommended practice is to include sufficient bibliographic detail to identify the resource as unambiguously as possible.
Examples Specimen example: `Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, UC Berkeley. MVZ Mammal Collection (Arctos). Record ID: http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MVZ:Mamm:165861?seid=101356. Source: http://ipt.vertnet.org:8080/ipt/resource.do?r=mvz_mammal`. Taxon example: `Oliver P. Pearson. 1985. Los tuco-tucos (genera Ctenomys) de los Parques Nacionales Lanin y Nahuel Huapi, Argentina Historia Natural, 5(37):337-343.`.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:binomial
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/binomial
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Binomial
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition The combination of genus and first (species) epithet of the scientificName.
Notes Example: "Ctenomys sociabilis"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:catalogNumber
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/catalogNumber
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/catalogNumber-2017-10-06
Label Catalog Number
Definition An identifier (preferably unique) for the record within the data set or collection.
Examples `145732`, `145732a`, `2008.1334`, `R-4313`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:CatalogNumberNumeric
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/CatalogNumberNumeric
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Catalog Number Numeric
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition The numeric value of the catalogNumber, used to facilitate numerical sorting and searching by ranges.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:class
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/class
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/class-2017-10-06
Label Class
Definition The full scientific name of the class in which the taxon is classified.
Examples `Mammalia`, `Hepaticopsida`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:collectionCode
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionCode
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/collectionCode-2017-10-06
Label Collection Code
Definition The name, acronym, coden, or initialism identifying the collection or data set from which the record was derived.
Examples `Mammals`, `Hildebrandt`, `EBIRD`, `VP`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:collectionID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/collectionID-2017-10-06
Label Collection ID
Definition An identifier for the collection or dataset from which the record was derived.
Notes For physical specimens, the recommended best practice is to use an identifier from a collections registry such as the Global Registry of Biodiversity Repositories (http://grbio.org/).
Examples `http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:1001`, `http://grbio.org/cool/p5fp-c036`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:continent
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/continent
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/continent-2017-10-06
Label Continent
Definition The name of the continent in which the Location occurs.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Examples `Africa`, `Antarctica`, `Asia`, `Europe`, `North America`, `Oceania`, `South America`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:coordinatePrecision
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinatePrecision
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/coordinatePrecision-2017-10-06
Label Coordinate Precision
Definition A decimal representation of the precision of the coordinates given in the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude.
Examples `0.00001` (normal GPS limit for decimal degrees). `0.000278` (nearest second). `0.01667` (nearest minute). `1.0` (nearest degree).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/coordinateUncertaintyInMeters-2017-10-06
Label Coordinate Uncertainty In Meters
Definition The horizontal distance (in meters) from the given decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude describing the smallest circle containing the whole of the Location. Leave the value empty if the uncertainty is unknown, cannot be estimated, or is not applicable (because there are no coordinates). Zero is not a valid value for this term.
Examples `30` (reasonable lower limit of a GPS reading under good conditions if the actual precision was not recorded at the time). `71` (uncertainty for a UTM coordinate having 100 meter precision and a known spatial reference system).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:country
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/country
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/country-2017-10-06
Label Country
Definition The name of the country or major administrative unit in which the Location occurs.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Examples `Denmark`, `Colombia`, `España`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:countryCode
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/countryCode
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/countryCode-2017-10-06
Label Country Code
Definition The standard code for the country in which the Location occurs.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use an ISO 3166-1-alpha-2 country code.
Examples `AR`, `SV`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:county
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/county
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/county-2017-10-06
Label County
Definition The full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than stateProvince (county, shire, department, etc.) in which the Location occurs.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Examples `Missoula`, `Los Lagos`, `Mataró`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:dataGeneralizations
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dataGeneralizations
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/dataGeneralizations-2017-10-06
Label Data Generalizations
Definition Actions taken to make the shared data less specific or complete than in its original form. Suggests that alternative data of higher quality may be available on request.
Examples `Coordinates generalized from original GPS coordinates to the nearest half degree grid cell`.
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:dataGeneralizations
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/dataGeneralizations
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/dataGeneralizations-2015-03-27
Label Data Generalizations (IRI)
Definition Actions taken to make the shared data less specific or complete than in its original form. Suggests that alternative data of higher quality may be available on request.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:Dataset
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Dataset
Modified 2009-09-11
Label Dataset
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition The category of information pertaining to a logical set of records.
Type Class
Term Name dwc:datasetID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/datasetID-2017-10-06
Label Dataset ID
Definition An identifier for the set of data. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a collection or institution.
Examples `b15d4952-7d20-46f1-8a3e-556a512b04c5`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:datasetName
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetName
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/datasetName-2017-10-06
Label Dataset Name
Definition The name identifying the data set from which the record was derived.
Examples `Grinnell Resurvey Mammals`, `Lacey Ctenomys Recaptures`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:dateIdentified
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dateIdentified
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/dateIdentified-2020-08-12
Label Date Identified
Definition The date on which the subject was determined as representing the Taxon.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a date that conforms to ISO 8601-1:2019.
Examples `1963-03-08T14:07-0600` (8 Mar 1963 at 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC). `2009-02-20T08:40Z` (20 February 2009 8:40am UTC). `2018-08-29T15:19` (3:19pm local time on 29 August 2018). `1809-02-12` (some time during 12 February 1809). `1906-06` (some time in June 1906). `1971` (some time in the year 1971). `2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z` (some time during the interval between 1 March 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC). `1900/1909` (some time during the interval between the beginning of the year 1900 and the end of the year 1909). `2007-11-13/15` (some time in the interval between 13 November 2007 and 15 November 2007).
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwc:day
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/day
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/day-2017-10-06
Label Day
Definition The integer day of the month on which the Event occurred.
Examples `9`, `28`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:decimalLatitude
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/decimalLatitude-2017-10-06
Label Decimal Latitude
Definition The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
Examples `-41.0983423`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:decimalLongitude
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/decimalLongitude-2017-10-06
Label Decimal Longitude
Definition The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
Examples `-121.1761111`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:disposition
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/disposition
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/disposition-2015-03-27
Label Disposition (IRI)
Definition The current state of a specimen with respect to the collection identified in collectionCode or collectionID.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:disposition
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/disposition
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/disposition-2017-10-06
Label Disposition
Definition The current state of a specimen with respect to the collection identified in collectionCode or collectionID.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `in collection`, `missing`, `voucher elsewhere`, `duplicates elsewhere`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:DwCType
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/DwCType
Modified 2014-10-23
Label Darwin Core Type
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition The set of classes specified by the Darwin Core Type Vocabulary, used to categorize the nature or genre of the resource.
Type http://purl.org/dc/dcam/VocabularyEncodingScheme
Term Name dwc:dynamicProperties
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dynamicProperties
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/dynamicProperties-2017-10-06
Label Dynamic Properties
Definition A list of additional measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about the record. Meant to provide a mechanism for structured content.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a key:value encoding schema for a data interchange format such as JSON.
Examples `{"heightInMeters":1.5}`, `{"tragusLengthInMeters":0.014, "weightInGrams":120}`, `{"natureOfID":"expert identification", "identificationEvidence":"cytochrome B sequence"}`, `{"relativeHumidity":28, "airTemperatureInCelsius":22, "sampleSizeInKilograms":10}`, `{"aspectHeading":277, "slopeInDegrees":6}`, `{"iucnStatus":"vulnerable", "taxonDistribution":"Neuquén, Argentina"}`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/earliestAgeOrLowestStage-2017-10-06
Label Earliest Age Or Lowest Stage
Definition The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic age or lowest chronostratigraphic stage attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Atlantic`, `Boreal`, `Skullrockian`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:EarliestDateCollected
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EarliestDateCollected
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Earliest Date Collected
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventDate
Definition The earliest date-time in a period during which a event occurred. If the event is recorded as occurring at a single date-time, populate both EarliestDateCollected and LatestDateCollected with the same value. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Notes Date may be used to express temporal information at any level of granularity. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as the W3CDTF profile of ISO 8601 [W3CDTF].
Type Property
Term Name dwc:earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/earliestEonOrLowestEonothem-2017-10-06
Label Earliest Eon Or Lowest Eonothem
Definition The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic eon or lowest chrono-stratigraphic eonothem or the informal name ("Precambrian") attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Phanerozoic`, `Proterozoic`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/earliestEpochOrLowestSeries-2017-10-06
Label Earliest Epoch Or Lowest Series
Definition The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic epoch or lowest chronostratigraphic series attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Holocene`, `Pleistocene`, `Ibexian Series`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/earliestEraOrLowestErathem-2017-10-06
Label Earliest Era Or Lowest Erathem
Definition The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic era or lowest chronostratigraphic erathem attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Cenozoic`, `Mesozoic`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:earliestGeochronologicalEra
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/earliestGeochronologicalEra
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/earliestGeochronologicalEra-2015-03-27
Label Earliest Geochronological Era
Definition Use to link a dwc:GeologicalContext instance to chronostratigraphic time periods at the lowest possible level in a standardized hierarchy. Use this property to point to the earliest possible geological time period from which the cataloged item was collected.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use an IRI from a controlled vocabulary. A "convenience property" that replaces Darwin Core literal-value terms related to geological context. See Section 2.7.6 of the Darwin Core RDF Guide for details.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem-2017-10-06
Label Earliest Period Or Lowest System
Definition The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic period or lowest chronostratigraphic system attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Neogene`, `Tertiary`, `Quaternary`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:endDayOfYear
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/endDayOfYear
Modified 2020-08-20
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/endDayOfYear-2020-08-20
Label End Day Of Year
Definition The latest integer day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).
Examples `1` (1 January). `32` (1 February). `366` (31 December). `365` (30 December in a leap year, 31 December in a non-leap year).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:EndTimeOfDay
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EndTimeOfDay
Modified 2009-04-24
Label End Time of Day
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventTime
Definition The time of day when the event ended, expressed as decimal hours from midnight, local time.
Notes Examples: "12.0" (= noon), "13.5" (= 1:30pm)
Type Property
Term Name dwc:establishmentMeans
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/establishmentMeans
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/establishmentMeans-2017-10-06
Label Establishment Means
Definition The process by which the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence became established at the location.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `native`, `introduced`, `naturalised`, `invasive`, `managed`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:establishmentMeans
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/establishmentMeans
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/establishmentMeans-2015-03-27
Label Establishment Means (IRI)
Definition The process by which the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence became established at the location.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:Event
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/Event-2018-09-06
Label Event
Definition An action that occurs at some location during some time.
Examples A specimen collection process. A camera trap image capture. A marine trawl.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:EventAttribute
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EventAttribute
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Event Attribute
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition Container class for information about attributes related to a given sampling event.
Type Class
Term Name dwc:EventAttributeAccuracy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EventAttributeAccuracy
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Event Attribute Accuracy
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementAccuracy
Definition The description of the error associated with the EventAttributeValue.
Notes Example: "0.01", "normal distribution with variation of 2 m"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:EventAttributeDeterminedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EventAttributeDeterminedBy
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Event Attribute Determined By
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementDeterminedBy
Definition The agent responsible for having determined the value of the measurement or characteristic of the sampling event.
Notes Example: "Robert Hijmans"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:EventAttributeDeterminedDate
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EventAttributeDeterminedDate
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Event Attribute Determined Date
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementDeterminedDate
Definition The date on which the the measurement or characteristic of the sampling event was made.
Notes Date may be used to express temporal information at any level of granularity. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as the W3CDTF profile of ISO 8601 [W3CDTF].
Type Property
Term Name dwc:EventAttributeID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EventAttributeID
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Event Attribute ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementID
Definition An identifier for the event attribute. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:EventAttributeRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EventAttributeRemarks
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Event Attribute Remarks
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition Comments or notes accompanying the measurement or characteristic of the sampling event.
Notes Example: "temperature taken at 15:00"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventAttributes
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventAttributes
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Event Attributes
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of additional measurements or characteristics of the Event.
Notes Example: "Relative humidity: 28 %; Temperature: 22 C; Sample size: 10 kg"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:EventAttributeType
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EventAttributeType
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Event Attribute Type
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementType
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SamplingAttributeType
Definition The nature of the measurement or characteristic of the sampling event. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Notes Example: "Temperature"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:EventAttributeUnit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EventAttributeUnit
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Event Attribute Unit
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementUnit
Definition The units for the value of the measurement or characteristic of the sampling event. Recommended best practice is to use International System of Units (SI) units.
Notes Example: "C"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:EventAttributeValue
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EventAttributeValue
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Event Attribute
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementValue
Definition The value of the measurement or characteristic of the sampling event.
Notes Example: "22"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventDate
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventDate
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/eventDate-2020-08-12
Label Event Date
Definition The date-time or interval during which an Event occurred. For occurrences, this is the date-time when the event was recorded. Not suitable for a time in a geological context.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a date that conforms to ISO 8601-1:2019.
Examples `1963-03-08T14:07-0600` (8 Mar 1963 at 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC). `2009-02-20T08:40Z` (20 February 2009 8:40am UTC). `2018-08-29T15:19` (3:19pm local time on 29 August 2018). `1809-02-12` (some time during 12 February 1809). `1906-06` (some time in June 1906). `1971` (some time in the year 1971). `2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z` (some time during the interval between 1 March 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC). `1900/1909` (some time during the interval between the beginning of the year 1900 and the end of the year 1909). `2007-11-13/15` (some time in the interval between 13 November 2007 and 15 November 2007).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/eventID-2017-10-06
Label Event ID
Definition An identifier for the set of information associated with an Event (something that occurs at a place and time). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Examples `INBO:VIS:Ev:00009375`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:EventMeasurement
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/EventMeasurement
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Event Measurement
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition The category of information pertaining to measurements associated with an event.
Type Class
Term Name dwc:eventMeasurementAccuracy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementAccuracy
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Event Measurement Accuracy
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementAccuracy
Definition The description of the error associated with the EventAttributeValue.
Notes Example: "0.01", "normal distribution with variation of 2 m"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventMeasurementDeterminedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementDeterminedBy
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Event Measurement Determined By
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedBy
Definition The agent responsible for having determined the value of the measurement or characteristic of the event.
Notes Example: "Robert Hijmans"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventMeasurementDeterminedDate
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementDeterminedDate
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Event Measurement Determined Date
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedDate
Definition The date on which the the measurement or characteristic of the event was made. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Notes Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventMeasurementID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementID
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Event Measurement ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementID
Definition An identifier for the event attribute. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventMeasurementRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementRemarks
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Event Measurement Remarks
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementRemarks
Definition Comments or notes accompanying the measurement or characteristic of the event.
Notes Example: "temperature taken at 15:00"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventMeasurementType
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementType
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Event Measurement Type
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementType
Definition The nature of the measurement or characteristic of the event. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Notes Example: "temperature"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventMeasurementUnit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementUnit
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Event Measurement Unit
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementUnit
Definition The units for the value of the measurement or characteristic of the event. Recommended best practice is to use International System of Units (SI) units.
Notes Example: "C"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventMeasurementValue
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventMeasurementValue
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Event Measurement Value
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementValue
Definition The value of the measurement or characteristic of the event.
Notes Example: "22"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventRemarks
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/eventRemarks-2017-10-06
Label Event Remarks
Definition Comments or notes about the Event.
Examples `After the recent rains the river is nearly at flood stage.`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:eventTime
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventTime
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/eventTime-2020-08-12
Label Event Time
Definition The time or interval during which an Event occurred.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a date that conforms to ISO 8601-1:2019.
Examples `14:07-0600` (2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC). `08:40:21Z` (8:40:21am UTC). `13:00:00Z/15:30:00Z` (the interval between 1pm UTC and 3:30pm UTC).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:family
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/family
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/family-2017-10-06
Label Family
Definition The full scientific name of the family in which the taxon is classified.
Examples `Felidae`, `Monocleaceae`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:fieldNotes
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNotes
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/fieldNotes-2017-10-06
Label Field Notes
Definition One of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event.
Examples `Notes available in the Grinnell-Miller Library.`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:fieldNotes
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/fieldNotes
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/fieldNotes-2015-03-27
Label Field Notes (IRI)
Definition One of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event.
Notes The subject is a dwc:Event instance and the object is a (possibly IRI-identified) resource that is the field notes.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:fieldNumber
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNumber
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/fieldNumber-2017-10-06
Label Field Number
Definition An identifier given to the event in the field. Often serves as a link between field notes and the Event.
Examples `RV Sol 87-03-08`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:fieldNumber
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/fieldNumber
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/fieldNumber-2015-03-27
Label Field Number (IRI)
Definition An identifier given to the event in the field. Often serves as a link between field notes and the Event.
Notes The subject is a (possibly IRI-identified) resource that is the field notes and the object is a dwc:Event instance.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:footprintSpatialFit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSpatialFit
Modified 2020-08-20
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/footprintSpatialFit-2020-08-20
Label Footprint Spatial Fit
Definition The ratio of the area of the footprint (footprintWKT) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given footprint does not completely contain the original representation. The footprintSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left empty) if the original representation is a point without uncertainty and the given georeference is not that same point (without uncertainty). If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the footprintSpatialFit is 1.
Notes Detailed explanations with graphical examples can be found in the Georeferencing Best Practices, Chapman and Wieczorek, 2020 (https://doi.org/10.15468/doc-gg7h-s853).
Examples `0`, `1`, `1.5708`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:footprintSRS
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSRS
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/footprintSRS-2018-09-06
Label Footprint SRS
Definition A Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the Spatial Reference System (SRS) for the footprintWKT of the Location. Do not use this term to describe the SRS of the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude, even if it is the same as for the footprintWKT - use the geodeticDatum instead.
Examples `GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984", DATUM["D_WGS_1984", SPHEROID["WGS_1984",6378137,298.257223563]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0], UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]]` (WKT for the standard WGS84 Spatial Reference System EPSG:4326).
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:footprintSRS
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/footprintSRS
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/footprintSRS-2015-03-27
Label Footprint SRS (IRI)
Definition A Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the Spatial Reference System (SRS) for the footprintWKT of the Location. Do not use this term to describe the SRS of the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude, even if it is the same as for the footprintWKT - use the geodeticDatum instead.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:footprintWKT
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/footprintWKT
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/footprintWKT-2015-03-27
Label Footprint WKT (IRI)
Definition A Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the shape (footprint, geometry) that defines the Location. A Location may have both a point-radius representation (see decimalLatitude) and a footprint representation, and they may differ from each other.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:footprintWKT
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintWKT
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/footprintWKT-2017-10-06
Label Footprint WKT
Definition A Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the shape (footprint, geometry) that defines the Location. A Location may have both a point-radius representation (see decimalLatitude) and a footprint representation, and they may differ from each other.
Examples `POLYGON ((10 20, 11 20, 11 21, 10 21, 10 20))` (the one-degree bounding box with opposite corners at longitude=10, latitude=20 and longitude=11, latitude=21)
Type Property
Term Name dwc:formation
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/formation
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/formation-2017-10-06
Label Formation
Definition The full name of the lithostratigraphic formation from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Notch Peak Formation`, `House Limestone`, `Fillmore Formation`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:FossilSpecimen
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/FossilSpecimen
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/FossilSpecimen-2018-09-06
Label Fossil Specimen
Definition A preserved specimen that is a fossil.
Examples A body fossil. A coprolite. A gastrolith. An ichnofossil. A piece of a petrified tree.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwciri:fromLithostratigraphicUnit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/fromLithostratigraphicUnit
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/fromLithostratigraphicUnit-2015-03-27
Label From Lithostratigraphic Unit
Definition Use to link a dwc:GeologicalContext instance to an IRI-identified lithostratigraphic unit at the lowest possible level in a hierarchy.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use an IRI from a controlled vocabulary. A "convenience property" that replaces Darwin Core literal-value terms related to geological context. See Section 2.7.7 of the Darwin Core RDF Guide for details.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:Generalizations
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Generalizations
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Generalizations
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dataGeneralizations
Definition Actions taken to make the data as shared less specific or complete than in its original form. Suggests that alternative data of highly quality may be available on request.
Notes Examples: "Coordinates generalized from original GPS coordinates to the nearest half degree grid cell", "locality information given only to nearest county".
Type Property
Term Name dwc:genus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/genus
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/genus-2017-10-06
Label Genus
Definition The full scientific name of the genus in which the taxon is classified.
Examples `Puma`, `Monoclea`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:geodeticDatum
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/geodeticDatum
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/geodeticDatum-2015-03-27
Label Geodetic Datum (IRI)
Definition The ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which the geographic coordinates given in decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude as based.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use an IRI for the EPSG code of the SRS, if known. Otherwise use an IRI or controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use an IRI or controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value `unknown`.
Examples `https://epsg.io/4326`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:geodeticDatum
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geodeticDatum
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/geodeticDatum-2017-10-06
Label Geodetic Datum
Definition The ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which the geographic coordinates given in decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude as based.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use the EPSG code of the SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value `unknown`.
Examples `EPSG:4326`, `WGS84`, `NAD27`, `Campo Inchauspe`, `European 1950`, `Clarke 1866`, `unknown`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:GeologicalContext
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/GeologicalContext-2018-09-06
Label Geological Context
Definition Geological information, such as stratigraphy, that qualifies a region or place.
Examples A lithostratigraphic layer.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:geologicalContextID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geologicalContextID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/geologicalContextID-2017-10-06
Label Geological Context ID
Definition An identifier for the set of information associated with a GeologicalContext (the location within a geological context, such as stratigraphy). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Examples `https://opencontext.org/subjects/e54377f7-4452-4315-b676-40679b10c4d9`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:georeferencedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedBy
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/georeferencedBy-2017-10-06
Label Georeferenced By
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who determined the georeference (spatial representation) for the Location.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `).
Examples `Brad Millen (ROM)`, `Kristina Yamamoto | Janet Fang`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwciri:georeferencedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/georeferencedBy
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/georeferencedBy-2015-03-27
Label Georeferenced By (IRI)
Definition A person, group, or organization who determined the georeference (spatial representation) for the Location.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:georeferencedDate
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedDate
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/georeferencedDate-2020-08-12
Label Georeferenced Date
Definition The date on which the Location was georeferenced.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a date that conforms to ISO 8601-1:2019.
Examples `1963-03-08T14:07-0600` (8 Mar 1963 at 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC). `2009-02-20T08:40Z` (20 February 2009 8:40am UTC). `2018-08-29T15:19` (3:19pm local time on 29 August 2018). `1809-02-12` (some time during 12 February 1809). `1906-06` (some time in June 1906). `1971` (some time in the year 1971). `2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z` (some time during the interval between 1 March 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC). `1900/1909` (some time during the interval between the beginning of the year 1900 and the end of the year 1909). `2007-11-13/15` (some time in the interval between 13 November 2007 and 15 November 2007).
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2011-10-16_9
Term Name dwc:georeferenceProtocol
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceProtocol
Modified 2020-08-20
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/georeferenceProtocol-2020-08-20
Label Georeference Protocol
Definition A description or reference to the methods used to determine the spatial footprint, coordinates, and uncertainties.
Examples `Georeferencing Quick Reference Guide (Zermoglio et al. 2020, https://doi.org/10.35035/e09p-h128)`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:georeferenceProtocol
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/georeferenceProtocol
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/georeferenceProtocol-2015-03-27
Label Georeference Protocol (IRI)
Definition A description or reference to the methods used to determine the spatial footprint, coordinates, and uncertainties.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:georeferenceRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceRemarks
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/georeferenceRemarks-2017-10-06
Label Georeference Remarks
Definition Notes or comments about the spatial description determination, explaining assumptions made in addition or opposition to the those formalized in the method referred to in georeferenceProtocol.
Examples `Assumed distance by road (Hwy. 101)`.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:georeferenceSources
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceSources
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/georeferenceSources-2017-10-06
Label Georeference Sources
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of maps, gazetteers, or other resources used to georeference the Location, described specifically enough to allow anyone in the future to use the same resources.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `).
Examples `https://www.geonames.org/`, `USGS 1:24000 Florence Montana Quad | Terrametrics 2008 on Google Earth`, `GeoLocate`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwciri:georeferenceSources
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/georeferenceSources
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/georeferenceSources-2015-03-27
Label Georeference Sources (IRI)
Definition A map, gazetteer, or other resource used to georeference the Location.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:georeferenceVerificationStatus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceVerificationStatus
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/georeferenceVerificationStatus-2017-10-06
Label Georeference Verification Status
Definition A categorical description of the extent to which the georeference has been verified to represent the best possible spatial description.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `requires verification`, `verified by collector`, `verified by curator`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:georeferenceVerificationStatus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/georeferenceVerificationStatus
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/georeferenceVerificationStatus-2015-03-27
Label Georeference Verification Status (IRI)
Definition A categorical description of the extent to which the georeference has been verified to represent the best possible spatial description.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:group
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/group
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/group-2017-10-06
Label Group
Definition The full name of the lithostratigraphic group from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Bathurst`, `Lower Wealden`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:habitat
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/habitat
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/habitat-2015-03-27
Label Habitat (IRI)
Definition A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:habitat
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/habitat-2017-10-06
Label Habitat
Definition A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
Examples `oak savanna`, `pre-cordilleran steppe`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:higherClassification
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherClassification
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/higherClassification-2017-10-06
Label Higher Classification
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of taxa names terminating at the rank immediately superior to the taxon referenced in the taxon record.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `), with terms in order from the highest taxonomic rank to the lowest.
Examples `Plantae | Tracheophyta | Magnoliopsida | Ranunculales | Ranunculaceae | Ranunculus`, `Animalia`, `Animalia | Chordata | Vertebrata | Mammalia | Theria | Eutheria | Rodentia | Hystricognatha | Hystricognathi | Ctenomyidae | Ctenomyini | Ctenomys`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:higherGeography
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeography
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/higherGeography-2017-10-06
Label Higher Geography
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of geographic names less specific than the information captured in the locality term.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `), with terms in order from least specific to most specific.
Examples `North Atlantic Ocean`. `South America | Argentina | Patagonia | Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi | Neuquén | Los Lagos` (with accompanying values `South America` in continent, `Argentina` in country, `Neuquén` in stateProvince, and `Los Lagos` in county.
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:higherGeographyID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeographyID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/higherGeographyID-2017-10-06
Label Higher Geography ID
Definition An identifier for the geographic region within which the Location occurred.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a persistent identifier from a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Examples `http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/1002002` (Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur, Territorio Nacional de la Tierra del Fuego, Argentina).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:HigherTaxon
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/HigherTaxon
Modified 2009-08-24
Label Higher Taxon
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of the names for the taxonomic ranks less specific than the ScientificName.
Notes Example: "Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Theria, Eutheria, Rodentia, Hystricognatha, Hystricognathi, Ctenomyidae, Ctenomyini, Ctenomys".
Type Property
Term Name dwc:higherTaxonconceptID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherTaxonconceptID
Modified 2009-08-24
Label Higher Taxon Concept ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition A unique identifier for the taxon concept less specific than that given in the taxonConceptID.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:HigherTaxonID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/HigherTaxonID
Modified 2009-08-24
Label Higher Taxon ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherTaxonNameID
Definition A global unique identifier for the parent to the taxon.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:higherTaxonName
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherTaxonName
Modified 2009-08-24
Label Higher Taxon Name
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherClassification
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of the names for the taxonomic ranks less specific than that given in the scientificName.
Notes Example: "Animalia; Chordata; Vertebrata; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Rodentia; Hystricognatha; Hystricognathi; Ctenomyidae; Ctenomyini; Ctenomys"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:higherTaxonNameID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherTaxonNameID
Modified 2009-08-24
Label Higher Taxon Name ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsageID
Definition A unique identifier for the name of the next higher rank than the scientificName in a taxonomic classification. See higherTaxonName.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:highestBiostratigraphicZone
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/highestBiostratigraphicZone
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/highestBiostratigraphicZone-2017-10-06
Label Highest Biostratigraphic Zone
Definition The full name of the highest possible geological biostratigraphic zone of the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Blancan`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:HumanObservation
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/HumanObservation
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/HumanObservation-2018-09-06
Label Human Observation
Definition An output of a human observation process.
Examples Evidence of an Occurrence taken from field notes or literature. A record of an Occurrence without physical evidence nor evidence captured with a machine.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:Identification
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/Identification-2018-09-06
Label Identification
Definition A taxonomic determination (e.g., the assignment to a taxon).
Examples A subspecies determination of an organism.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:identificationAttributes
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationAttributes
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Identification Attributes
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of additional measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about the Identification.
Notes Example: "natureOfID=expert identification; identificationEvidence=cytochrome B sequence"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:identificationID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/identificationID-2017-10-06
Label Identification ID
Definition An identifier for the Identification (the body of information associated with the assignment of a scientific name). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Examples `9992`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:identificationQualifier
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationQualifier
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/identificationQualifier-2017-10-06
Label Identification Qualifier
Definition A brief phrase or a standard term ("cf.", "aff.") to express the determiner's doubts about the Identification.
Examples `aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia` (for `Quercus aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia` with accompanying values `Quercus` in genus, `agrifolia` in specificEpithet, `oxyadenia` in infraspecificEpithet, and `var.` in taxonRank. `cf. var. oxyadenia` for `Quercus agrifolia cf. var. oxyadenia` with accompanying values `Quercus` in genus, `agrifolia` in specificEpithet, `oxyadenia` in infraspecificEpithet, and `var.` in taxonRank.
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwciri:identificationQualifier
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/identificationQualifier
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/identificationQualifier-2015-03-27
Label Identification Qualifier (IRI)
Definition A controlled value to express the determiner's doubts about the Identification.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:identificationReferences
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationReferences
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/identificationReferences-2017-10-06
Label Identification References
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of references (publication, global unique identifier, URI) used in the Identification.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `).
Examples `Aves del Noroeste Patagonico. Christie et al. 2004.`, `Stebbins, R. Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. 3rd Edition. 2003. | Irschick, D.J. and Shaffer, H.B. (1997). The polytypic species revisited: Morphological differentiation among tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum) (Amphibia: Caudata). Herpetologica, 53(1), 30-49.`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:identificationRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationRemarks
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/identificationRemarks-2017-10-06
Label Identification Remarks
Definition Comments or notes about the Identification.
Examples `Distinguished between Anthus correndera and Anthus hellmayri based on the comparative lengths of the uñas.`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:identificationVerificationStatus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/identificationVerificationStatus
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/identificationVerificationStatus-2015-03-27
Label Identification Verification Status (IRI)
Definition A categorical indicator of the extent to which the taxonomic identification has been verified to be correct.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as that used in HISPID and ABCD.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:identificationVerificationStatus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationVerificationStatus
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/identificationVerificationStatus-2017-10-06
Label Identification Verification Status
Definition A categorical indicator of the extent to which the taxonomic identification has been verified to be correct.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as that used in HISPID and ABCD.
Examples `0` ("unverified" in HISPID/ABCD).
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2011-10-16_10
Term Name dwc:identifiedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identifiedBy
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/identifiedBy-2017-10-06
Label Identified By
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who assigned the Taxon to the subject.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `).
Examples `James L. Patton`, `Theodore Pappenfuss | Robert Macey`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwciri:identifiedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/identifiedBy
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/identifiedBy-2015-03-27
Label Identified By (IRI)
Definition A person, group, or organization who assigned the Taxon to the subject.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:inCollection
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/inCollection
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/inCollection-2015-03-27
Label In Collection
Definition Use to link any subject resource that is part of a collection to the collection containing the resource.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use an IRI from a controlled registry. A "convenience property" that replaces literal-value terms related to collections and institutions. See Section 2.7.3 of the Darwin Core RDF Guide for details.
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:inDataset
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/inDataset
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/inDataset-2015-03-27
Label In Dataset
Definition Use to link a subject dataset record to the dataset which contains it.
Notes A string literal name of the dataset can be provided using the term dwc:datasetName. See the Darwin Core RDF Guide for details.
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:inDescribedPlace
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/inDescribedPlace
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/inDescribedPlace-2015-03-27
Label In Described Place
Definition Use to link a dcterms:Location instance subject to the lowest level standardized hierarchically-described resource.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use an IRI from a controlled registry. A "convenience property" that replaces Darwin Core literal-value terms related to locations. See Section 2.7.5 of the Darwin Core RDF Guide for details.
Examples `http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/1019987`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:individualCount
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualCount
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/individualCount-2017-10-06
Label Individual Count
Definition The number of individuals represented present at the time of the Occurrence.
Examples `0`, `1`, `25`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:individualID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualID
Modified 2014-10-23
Label Individual ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismID
Definition An identifier for an individual or named group of individual organisms represented in the Occurrence. Meant to accommodate resampling of the same individual or group for monitoring purposes. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a data set.
Notes Examples: "U.amer. 44", "Smedley", "Orca J 23"
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_14
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwciri:informationWithheld
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/informationWithheld
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/informationWithheld-2015-03-27
Label Information Withheld (IRI)
Definition Additional information that exists, but that has not been shared in the given record.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:informationWithheld
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/informationWithheld
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/informationWithheld-2017-10-06
Label Information Withheld
Definition Additional information that exists, but that has not been shared in the given record.
Examples `location information not given for endangered species`, `collector identities withheld | ask about tissue samples`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:infraspecificEpithet
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/infraspecificEpithet
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/infraspecificEpithet-2017-10-06
Label Infraspecific Epithet
Definition The name of the lowest or terminal infraspecific epithet of the scientificName, excluding any rank designation.
Examples `concolor`, `oxyadenia`, `sayi`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:institutionCode
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionCode
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/institutionCode-2017-10-06
Label Institution Code
Definition The name (or acronym) in use by the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
Examples `MVZ`, `FMNH`, `CLO`, `UCMP`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:institutionID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/institutionID-2017-10-06
Label Institution ID
Definition An identifier for the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
Notes For physical specimens, the recommended best practice is to use an identifier from a collections registry such as the Global Registry of Biodiversity Repositories (http://grbio.org/).
Examples `http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34777`, `http://grbio.org/cool/km06-gtbn`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:island
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/island
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/island-2017-10-06
Label Island
Definition The name of the island on or near which the Location occurs.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Examples `Nosy Be`, `Bikini Atoll`, `Vancouver`, `Viti Levu`, `Zanzibar`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:islandGroup
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/islandGroup
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/islandGroup-2017-10-06
Label Island Group
Definition The name of the island group in which the Location occurs.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Examples `Alexander Archipelago`, `Archipiélago Diego Ramírez`, `Seychelles`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:kingdom
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/kingdom
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/kingdom-2017-10-06
Label Kingdom
Definition The full scientific name of the kingdom in which the taxon is classified.
Examples `Animalia`, `Archaea`, `Bacteria`, `Chromista`, `Fungi`, `Plantae`, `Protozoa`, `Viruses`
Type Property
Term Name dc:language
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/language
Modified 2008-01-14
Term version IRI http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#language-007
Label Language
Definition A language of the resource.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as RFC 4646.
Examples `en` (for English), `es` (for Spanish)
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dcterms:language
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/terms/language
Modified 2008-01-14
Term version IRI http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#languageT-001
Label Language
Definition A language of the resource.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use an IRI from the Library of Congress ISO 639-2 scheme http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwc:latestAgeOrHighestStage
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestAgeOrHighestStage
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/latestAgeOrHighestStage-2017-10-06
Label Latest AgeOr Highest Stage
Definition The full name of the latest possible geochronologic age or highest chronostratigraphic stage attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Atlantic`, `Boreal`, `Skullrockian`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:LatestDateCollected
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/LatestDateCollected
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Latest Date Collected
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventDate
Definition The latest date-time in a period during which a event occurred. If the event is recorded as occurring at a single date-time, populate both EarliestDateCollected and LatestDateCollected with the same value. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Notes Date may be used to express temporal information at any level of granularity. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as the W3CDTF profile of ISO 8601 [W3CDTF].
Type Property
Term Name dwc:latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/latestEonOrHighestEonothem-2017-10-06
Label Latest Eon Or Highest Eonothem
Definition The full name of the latest possible geochronologic eon or highest chrono-stratigraphic eonothem or the informal name ("Precambrian") attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Phanerozoic`, `Proterozoic`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/latestEpochOrHighestSeries-2017-10-06
Label Latest Epoch Or Highest Series
Definition The full name of the latest possible geochronologic epoch or highest chronostratigraphic series attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Holocene`, `Pleistocene`, `Ibexian Series`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:latestEraOrHighestErathem
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEraOrHighestErathem
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/latestEraOrHighestErathem-2017-10-06
Label Latest Era Or Highest Erathem
Definition The full name of the latest possible geochronologic era or highest chronostratigraphic erathem attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Cenozoic`, `Mesozoic`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:latestGeochronologicalEra
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/latestGeochronologicalEra
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/latestGeochronologicalEra-2015-03-27
Label Latest Geochronological Era
Definition Use to link a dwc:GeologicalContext instance to chronostratigraphic time periods at the lowest possible level in a standardized hierarchy. Use this property to point to the latest possible geological time period from which the cataloged item was collected.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use an IRI from a controlled vocabulary. A "convenience property" that replaces Darwin Core literal-value terms related to geological context. See Section 2.7.6 of the Darwin Core RDF Guide for details.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/latestPeriodOrHighestSystem-2017-10-06
Label Latest Period Or Highest System
Definition The full name of the latest possible geochronologic period or highest chronostratigraphic system attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Neogene`, `Tertiary`, `Quaternary`
Type Property
Term Name dcterms:license
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/terms/license
Modified 2008-01-14
Term version IRI http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#license-002
Label License
Definition A legal document giving official permission to do something with the resource.
Examples `http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode`, `http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-11-06_17
Term Name dwciri:lifeStage
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/lifeStage
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/lifeStage-2015-03-27
Label Life Stage (IRI)
Definition The age class or life stage of the biological individual(s) at the time the Occurrence was recorded.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:lifeStage
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lifeStage
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/lifeStage-2017-10-06
Label Life Stage
Definition The age class or life stage of the biological individual(s) at the time the Occurrence was recorded.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `egg`, `eft`, `juvenile`, `adult`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwc:lithostratigraphicTerms
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lithostratigraphicTerms
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/lithostratigraphicTerms-2017-10-06
Label Lithostratigraphic Terms
Definition The combination of all litho-stratigraphic names for the rock from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Pleistocene-Weichselien`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:LivingSpecimen
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/LivingSpecimen
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/LivingSpecimen-2018-09-06
Label Living Specimen
Definition A specimen that is alive.
Examples A living plant in a botanical garden. A living animal in a zoo.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:locality
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locality
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/locality-2017-10-06
Label Locality
Definition The specific description of the place. Less specific geographic information can be provided in other geographic terms (higherGeography, continent, country, stateProvince, county, municipality, waterBody, island, islandGroup). This term may contain information modified from the original to correct perceived errors or standardize the description.
Examples `Bariloche, 25 km NNE via Ruta Nacional 40 (=Ruta 237)`.
Type Property
Term Name dcterms:Location
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Modified 2008-01-14
Term version IRI http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#Location-001
Label Location
Definition A spatial region or named place.
Examples The municipality of San Carlos de Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina. The place defined by a georeference.
Type Class
Term Name dwc:locationAccordingTo
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationAccordingTo
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/locationAccordingTo-2017-10-06
Label Location According To
Definition Information about the source of this Location information. Could be a publication (gazetteer), institution, or team of individuals.
Examples `Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names`, `GADM`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:locationAccordingTo
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/locationAccordingTo
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/locationAccordingTo-2015-03-27
Label Location According To (IRI)
Definition Information about the source of this Location information. Could be a publication (gazetteer), institution, or team of individuals.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:locationAttributes
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationAttributes
Modified 2014-10-23
Label Location Attributes
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of additional measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about the location.
Notes Example: "aspectheading=277; slopeindegrees=6"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:locationID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/locationID-2017-10-06
Label Location ID
Definition An identifier for the set of location information (data associated with dcterms:Location). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Examples `https://opencontext.org/subjects/768A875F-E205-4D0B-DE55-BAB7598D0FD1`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:locationRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationRemarks
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/locationRemarks-2017-10-06
Label Location Remarks
Definition Comments or notes about the Location.
Examples `under water since 2005`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/lowestBiostratigraphicZone-2017-10-06
Label Lowest Biostratigraphic Zone
Definition The full name of the lowest possible geological biostratigraphic zone of the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Maastrichtian`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:MachineObservation
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MachineObservation
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/MachineObservation-2018-09-06
Label Machine Observation
Definition An output of a machine observation process.
Examples A photograph. A video. An audio recording. A remote sensing image. A Occurrence record based on telemetry.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:MaterialSample
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MaterialSample
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/MaterialSample-2018-09-06
Label Material Sample
Definition A physical result of a sampling (or subsampling) event. In biological collections, the material sample is typically collected, and either preserved or destructively processed.
Examples A whole organism preserved in a collection. A part of an organism isolated for some purpose. A soil sample. A marine microbial sample.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2013-10-09_11
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:materialSampleID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/materialSampleID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/materialSampleID-2017-10-06
Label Material Sample ID
Definition An identifier for the MaterialSample (as opposed to a particular digital record of the material sample). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the materialSampleID globally unique.
Examples `06809dc5-f143-459a-be1a-6f03e63fc083`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2013-10-09_13
Term Name dwc:maximumDepthInMeters
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDepthInMeters
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/maximumDepthInMeters-2017-10-06
Label Maximum Depth In Meters
Definition The greater depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
Examples `0`, `200`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters-2017-10-06
Label Maximum Distance Above Surface In Meters
Definition The greater distance in a range of distance from a reference surface in the vertical direction, in meters. Use positive values for locations above the surface, negative values for locations below. If depth measures are given, the reference surface is the location given by the depth, otherwise the reference surface is the location given by the elevation.
Examples `-1.5` (below the surface). `4.2` (above the surface). For a 1.5 meter sediment core from the bottom of a lake (at depth 20m) at 300m elevation: verbatimElevation: `300m` minimumElevationInMeters: `300`, maximumElevationInMeters: `300`, verbatimDepth: `20m`, minimumDepthInMeters: `20`, maximumDepthInMeters: `20`, minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: `0`, maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: `-1.5`.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:maximumElevationInMeters
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumElevationInMeters
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/maximumElevationInMeters-2017-10-06
Label Maximum Elevation In Meters
Definition The upper limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters.
Examples `-205`, `1236`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:measurementAccuracy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementAccuracy
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/measurementAccuracy-2018-09-06
Label Measurement Accuracy
Definition The description of the potential error associated with the measurementValue.
Examples `0.01`, `normal distribution with variation of 2 m`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:measurementDeterminedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/measurementDeterminedBy
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/measurementDeterminedBy-2015-03-27
Label Measurement Determined By (IRI)
Definition A person, group, or organization who determined the value of the MeasurementOrFact.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:measurementDeterminedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedBy
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/measurementDeterminedBy-2018-09-06
Label Measurement Determined By
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who determined the value of the MeasurementOrFact.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `).
Examples `Rob Guralnick`, `Peter Desmet | Stijn Van Hoey`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:measurementDeterminedDate
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedDate
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/measurementDeterminedDate-2020-08-12
Label Measurement Determined Date
Definition The date on which the MeasurementOrFact was made.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a date that conforms to ISO 8601-1:2019.
Examples `1963-03-08T14:07-0600` (8 Mar 1963 at 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC). `2009-02-20T08:40Z` (20 February 2009 8:40am UTC). `2018-08-29T15:19` (3:19pm local time on 29 August 2018). `1809-02-12` (some time during 12 February 1809). `1906-06` (some time in June 1906). `1971` (some time in the year 1971). `2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z` (some time during the interval between 1 March 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC). `1900/1909` (some time during the interval between the beginning of the year 1900 and the end of the year 1909). `2007-11-13/15` (some time in the interval between 13 November 2007 and 15 November 2007).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:measurementID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementID
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/measurementID-2018-09-06
Label Measurement ID
Definition An identifier for the MeasurementOrFact (information pertaining to measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Examples `9c752d22-b09a-11e8-96f8-529269fb1459`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:measurementMethod
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementMethod
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/measurementMethod-2018-09-06
Label Measurement Method
Definition A description of or reference to (publication, URI) the method or protocol used to determine the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
Examples `minimum convex polygon around burrow entrances` (for a home range area). `barometric altimeter` (for an elevation).
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:measurementMethod
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/measurementMethod
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/measurementMethod-2015-03-27
Label Measurement Method (IRI)
Definition The method or protocol used to determine the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:MeasurementOrFact
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/MeasurementOrFact-2018-09-06
Label Measurement or Fact
Definition A measurement of or fact about an rdfs:Resource (http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource).
Notes Resources can be thought of as identifiable records or instances of classes and may include, but need not be limited to dwc:Occurrence, dwc:Organism, dwc:MaterialSample, dwc:Event, dwc:Location, dwc:GeologicalContext, dwc:Identification, or dwc:Taxon.
Examples The weight of an organism in grams. The number of placental scars. Surface water temperature in Celsius.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:measurementRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementRemarks
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/measurementRemarks-2018-09-06
Label Measurement Remarks
Definition Comments or notes accompanying the MeasurementOrFact.
Examples `tip of tail missing`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:measurementType
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/measurementType
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/measurementType-2015-03-27
Label Measurement Type (IRI)
Definition The nature of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:measurementType
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementType
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/measurementType-2018-09-06
Label Measurement Type
Definition The nature of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `tail length`, `temperature`, `trap line length`, `survey area`, `trap type`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:measurementUnit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementUnit
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/measurementUnit-2018-09-06
Label Measurement Unit
Definition The units associated with the measurementValue.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use the International System of Units (SI).
Examples `mm`, `C`, `km`, `ha`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:measurementUnit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/measurementUnit
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/measurementUnit-2015-03-27
Label Measurement Unit (IRI)
Definition The units associated with the measurementValue.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use the International System of Units (SI).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:measurementValue
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementValue
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/measurementValue-2018-09-06
Label Measurement Value
Definition The value of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
Examples `45`, `20`, `1`, `14.5`, `UV-light`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:member
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/member
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/member-2017-10-06
Label Member
Definition The full name of the lithostratigraphic member from which the cataloged item was collected.
Examples `Lava Dam Member`, `Hellnmaria Member`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:minimumDepthInMeters
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDepthInMeters
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/minimumDepthInMeters-2017-10-06
Label Minimum Depth In Meters
Definition The lesser depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
Examples `0`, `100`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters-2017-10-06
Label Minimum Distance Above Surface In Meters
Definition The lesser distance in a range of distance from a reference surface in the vertical direction, in meters. Use positive values for locations above the surface, negative values for locations below. If depth measures are given, the reference surface is the location given by the depth, otherwise the reference surface is the location given by the elevation.
Examples `-1.5` (below the surface). `4.2` (above the surface). For a 1.5 meter sediment core from the bottom of a lake (at depth 20m) at 300m elevation: verbatimElevation: `300m` minimumElevationInMeters: `300`, maximumElevationInMeters: `300`, verbatimDepth: `20m`, minimumDepthInMeters: `20`, maximumDepthInMeters: `20`, minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: `0`, maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: `-1.5`.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:minimumElevationInMeters
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumElevationInMeters
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/minimumElevationInMeters-2017-10-06
Label Minimum Elevation In Meters
Definition The lower limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters.
Examples `-100`, `802`
Type Property
Term Name dcterms:modified
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#modified-003
Label Date Modified
Definition The most recent date-time on which the resource was changed.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a date that conforms to ISO 8601-1:2019.
Examples `1963-03-08T14:07-0600` (8 Mar 1963 at 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC). `2009-02-20T08:40Z` (20 February 2009 8:40am UTC). `2018-08-29T15:19` (3:19pm local time on 29 August 2018). `1809-02-12` (some time during 12 February 1809). `1906-06` (some time in June 1906). `1971` (some time in the year 1971). `2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z` (some time during the interval between 1 March 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC). `1900/1909` (some time during the interval between the beginning of the year 1900 and the end of the year 1909). `2007-11-13/15` (some time in the interval between 13 November 2007 and 15 November 2007).
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwc:month
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/month
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/month-2020-08-12
Label Month
Definition The integer month in which the Event occurred.
Examples `1` (January). `10` (October).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:municipality
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/municipality
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/municipality-2017-10-06
Label Municipality
Definition The full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than county (city, municipality, etc.) in which the Location occurs. Do not use this term for a nearby named place that does not contain the actual location.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Examples `Holzminden`, `Araçatuba`, `Ga-Segonyana`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:nameAccordingTo
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingTo
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/nameAccordingTo-2017-10-06
Label Name According To
Definition The reference to the source in which the specific taxon concept circumscription is defined or implied - traditionally signified by the Latin "sensu" or "sec." (from secundum, meaning "according to"). For taxa that result from identifications, a reference to the keys, monographs, experts and other sources should be given.
Examples `McCranie, J. R., D. B. Wake, and L. D. Wilson. 1996. The taxonomic status of Bolitoglossa schmidti, with comments on the biology of the Mesoamerican salamander Bolitoglossa dofleini (Caudata: Plethodontidae). Carib. J. Sci. 32:395-398.`, `Werner Greuter 2008`. `Lilljeborg 1861, Upsala Univ. Arsskrift, Math. Naturvet., pp. 4, 5`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwc:nameAccordingToID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingToID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/nameAccordingToID-2017-10-06
Label Name According To ID
Definition An identifier for the source in which the specific taxon concept circumscription is defined or implied. See nameAccordingTo.
Examples `https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-915X(97)80026-2`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:namePublicationID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublicationID
Modified 2009-09-21
Label Name Publication ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInID
Definition A resolvable globally unique identifier for the original publication of the scientificName.
Notes Example: "http://hdl.handle.net/10199/7"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:namePublishedIn
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedIn
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/namePublishedIn-2017-10-06
Label Name Published In
Definition A reference for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
Examples `Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388`, `Forel, Auguste, Diagnosies provisoires de quelques espèces nouvelles de fourmis de Madagascar, récoltées par M. Grandidier., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 30, 1886`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:namePublishedInID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInID
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/namePublishedInID-2020-08-12
Label Name Published In ID
Definition An identifier for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:namePublishedInYear
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInYear
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/namePublishedInYear-2017-10-06
Label Name Published In Year
Definition The four-digit year in which the scientificName was published.
Examples `1915`, `2008`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2011-10-16_8
Term Name dwc:nomenclaturalCode
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalCode
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/nomenclaturalCode-2017-10-06
Label Nomenclatural Code
Definition The nomenclatural code (or codes in the case of an ambiregnal name) under which the scientificName is constructed.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `ICN`, `ICZN`, `BC`, `ICNCP`, `BioCode`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:nomenclaturalStatus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalStatus
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/nomenclaturalStatus-2017-10-06
Label Nomenclatural Status
Definition The status related to the original publication of the name and its conformance to the relevant rules of nomenclature. It is based essentially on an algorithm according to the business rules of the code. It requires no taxonomic opinion.
Examples `nom. ambig.`, `nom. illeg.`, `nom. subnud.`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:Occurrence
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Modified 2020-08-20
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/Occurrence-2020-08-20
Label Occurrence
Definition An existence of an Organism (sensu http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism) at a particular place at a particular time.
Examples A wolf pack on the shore of Kluane Lake in 1988. A virus in a plant leaf in the New York Botanical Garden at 15:29 on 2014-10-23. A fungus in Central Park in the summer of 1929.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:occurrenceAttributes
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceAttributes
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Attributes
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of additional measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about the Occurrence.
Notes Examples: "Tragus length: 14mm; Weight: 120g", "Height: 1-1.5 meters tall; flowers yellow; uncommon".
Type Property
Term Name dwc:occurrenceDetails
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceDetails
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Details
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition A reference (publication, URI) to the most detailed information available about the Occurrence.
Notes Example: "http://mvzarctos.berkeley.edu/guid/MVZ:Mamm:165861"
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2011-10-16_7
Term Name dwc:occurrenceID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/occurrenceID-2017-10-06
Label Occurrence ID
Definition An identifier for the Occurrence (as opposed to a particular digital record of the occurrence). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the occurrenceID globally unique.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a persistent, globally unique identifier.
Examples `http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Mamm:233627`, `000866d2-c177-4648-a200-ead4007051b9`, `urn:catalog:UWBM:Bird:89776`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:OccurrenceMeasurement
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/OccurrenceMeasurement
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Measurement
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition The category of information pertaining to measurements accociated with an occurrence.
Type Class
Term Name dwc:occurrenceMeasurementAccuracy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementAccuracy
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Measurement Accuracy
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementAccuracy
Definition The description of the error associated with the occurrenceAttributeValue.
Notes Example: "0.01", "normal distribution with variation of 2 m"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:occurrenceMeasurementDeterminedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementDeterminedBy
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Measurement Determined By
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition The agent responsible for having determined the value of the measurement or characteristic of the occurrence.
Notes Example: "Javier de la Torre"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:occurrenceMeasurementDeterminedDate
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementDeterminedDate
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Measurement Determined Date
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedDate
Definition The date on which the the measurement or characteristic of the occurrence was made. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Notes Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:occurrenceMeasurementID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementID
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Measurement ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementID
Definition An identifier for the occurrence attribute. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:occurrenceMeasurementRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementRemarks
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Measurement Remarks
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementRemarks
Definition Comments or notes accompanying the measurement or characteristic of the occurrence.
Notes Example: "tip of tail missing"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:occurrenceMeasurementType
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementType
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Measurement Type
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementType
Definition The nature of the measurement or characteristic of the occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Notes Example: "tail length"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:occurrenceMeasurementUnit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementUnit
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Measurement Unit
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementUnit
Definition The units for the value of the measurement or characteristic of the occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use International System of Units (SI) units.
Notes Example: "mm"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:occurrenceMeasurementValue
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementValue
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Occurrence Measurement Value
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementValue
Definition The value of the measurement or characteristic of the occurrence.
Notes Example: "45"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:occurrenceRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceRemarks
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/occurrenceRemarks-2017-10-06
Label Occurrence Remarks
Definition Comments or notes about the Occurrence.
Examples `found dead on road`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:occurrenceStatus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceStatus
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/occurrenceStatus-2017-10-06
Label Occurrence Status
Definition A statement about the presence or absence of a Taxon at a Location.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `present`, `absent`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:occurrenceStatus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/occurrenceStatus
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/occurrenceStatus-2015-03-27
Label Occurrence Status (IRI)
Definition A statement about the presence or absence of a Taxon at a Location.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:order
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/order
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/order-2017-10-06
Label Order
Definition The full scientific name of the order in which the taxon is classified.
Examples `Carnivora`, `Monocleales`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:Organism
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/Organism-2018-09-06
Label Organism
Definition A particular organism or defined group of organisms considered to be taxonomically homogeneous.
Notes Instances of the dwc:Organism class are intended to facilitate linking one or more dwc:Identification instances to one or more dwc:Occurrence instances. Therefore, things that are typically assigned scientific names (such as viruses, hybrids, and lichens) and aggregates whose occurrences are typically recorded (such as packs, clones, and colonies) are included in the scope of this class.
Examples A specific bird. A specific wolf pack. A specific instance of a bacterial culture.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_14
Term Name dwc:organismID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/organismID-2017-10-06
Label Organism ID
Definition An identifier for the Organism instance (as opposed to a particular digital record of the Organism). May be a globally unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Examples `http://arctos.database.museum/guid/WNMU:Mamm:1249`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_14
Term Name dwc:organismName
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismName
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/organismName-2017-10-06
Label Organism Name
Definition A textual name or label assigned to an Organism instance.
Examples `Huberta`, `Boab Prison Tree`, `J pod`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_14
Term Name dwc:organismQuantity
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismQuantity
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/organismQuantity-2017-10-06
Label Organism Quantity
Definition A number or enumeration value for the quantity of organisms.
Notes A dwc:organismQuantity must have a corresponding dwc:organismQuantityType.
Examples `27` (organismQuantity) with `individuals` (organismQuantityType). `12.5` (organismQuantity) with `%biomass` (organismQuantityType). `r` (organismQuantity) with `BraunBlanquetScale` (organismQuantityType).
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2015-03-19_18
Term Name dwciri:organismQuantityType
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/organismQuantityType
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/organismQuantityType-2015-03-27
Label Organism Quantity Type (IRI)
Definition The type of quantification system used for the quantity of organisms.
Notes A dwc:organismQuantityType must have a corresponding dwc:organismQuantity.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:organismQuantityType
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismQuantityType
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/organismQuantityType-2017-10-06
Label Organism Quantity Type
Definition The type of quantification system used for the quantity of organisms.
Notes A dwc:organismQuantityType must have a corresponding dwc:organismQuantity.
Examples `27` (organismQuantity) with `individuals` (organismQuantityType). `12.5` (organismQuantity) with `%biomass` (organismQuantityType). `r` (organismQuantity) with `BraunBlanquetScale` (organismQuantityType).
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2015-03-19_18
Term Name dwc:organismRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismRemarks
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/organismRemarks-2017-10-06
Label Organism Remarks
Definition Comments or notes about the Organism instance.
Examples `One of a litter of six`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_14
Term Name dwc:organismScope
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismScope
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/organismScope-2017-10-06
Label Organism Scope
Definition A description of the kind of Organism instance. Can be used to indicate whether the Organism instance represents a discrete organism or if it represents a particular type of aggregation.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. This term is not intended to be used to specify a type of taxon. To describe the kind of dwc:Organism using a URI object in RDF, use rdf:type (http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type) instead.
Examples `multicellular organism`, `virus`, `clone`, `pack`, `colony`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_14
Term Name dwc:originalNameUsage
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsage
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/originalNameUsage-2017-10-06
Label Original Name Usage
Definition The taxon name, with authorship and date information if known, as it originally appeared when first established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode. The basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName or the senior/earlier homonym for replaced names.
Examples `Pinus abies`, `Gasterosteus saltatrix Linnaeus 1768`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:originalNameUsageID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsageID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/originalNameUsageID-2017-10-06
Label Original Name Usage ID
Definition An identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) in which the terminal element of the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
Examples `https://www.gbif.org/species/2685484`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:otherCatalogNumbers
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/otherCatalogNumbers
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/otherCatalogNumbers-2017-10-06
Label Other Catalog Numbers
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of previous or alternate fully qualified catalog numbers or other human-used identifiers for the same Occurrence, whether in the current or any other data set or collection.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `).
Examples `FMNH:Mammal:1234`, `NPS YELLO6778 | MBG 33424`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:ownerInstitutionCode
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ownerInstitutionCode
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/ownerInstitutionCode-2017-10-06
Label Owner Institution Code
Definition The name (or acronym) in use by the institution having ownership of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
Examples `NPS`, `APN`, `InBio`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:parentEventID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentEventID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/parentEventID-2017-10-06
Label Parent Event ID
Definition An identifier for the broader Event that groups this and potentially other Events.
Notes Use a globally unique identifier for a dwc:Event or an identifier for a dwc:Event that is specific to the data set.
Examples `A1` (parentEventID to identify the main Whittaker Plot in nested samples, each with its own eventID - `A1:1`, `A1:2`).
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2015-03-19_18
Term Name dwc:parentNameUsage
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsage
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/parentNameUsage-2017-10-06
Label Parent Name Usage
Definition The full name, with authorship and date information if known, of the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a classification) of the most specific element of the scientificName.
Examples `Rubiaceae`, `Gruiformes`, `Testudinae`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:parentNameUsageID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsageID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/parentNameUsageID-2017-10-06
Label Parent Name Usage ID
Definition An identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) of the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a classification) of the most specific element of the scientificName.
Examples `https://www.gbif.org/species/2684876`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:phylum
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/phylum
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/phylum-2017-10-06
Label Phylum
Definition The full scientific name of the phylum or division in which the taxon is classified.
Examples `Chordata` (phylum). `Bryophyta` (division).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:pointRadiusSpatialFit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/pointRadiusSpatialFit
Modified 2020-08-20
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/pointRadiusSpatialFit-2020-08-20
Label Point Radius Spatial Fit
Definition The ratio of the area of the point-radius (decimalLatitude, decimalLongitude, coordinateUncertaintyInMeters) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given point-radius does not completely contain the original representation. The pointRadiusSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left empty) if the original representation is a point without uncertainty and the given georeference is not that same point (without uncertainty). If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the pointRadiusSpatialFit is 1.
Notes Detailed explanations with graphical examples can be found in the Georeferencing Best Practices, Chapman and Wieczorek, 2020 (https://doi.org/10.15468/doc-gg7h-s853).
Examples `0`, `1`, `1.5708`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:preparations
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/preparations
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/preparations-2017-10-06
Label Preparations
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of preparations and preservation methods for a specimen.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `).
Examples `fossil`, `cast`, `photograph`, `DNA extract`, `skin | skull | skeleton`, `whole animal (ETOH) | tissue (EDTA)`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwciri:preparations
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/preparations
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/preparations-2015-03-27
Label Preparations (IRI)
Definition A preparation or preservation method for a specimen.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:PreservedSpecimen
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/PreservedSpecimen
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/PreservedSpecimen-2018-09-06
Label Preserved Specimen
Definition A specimen that has been preserved.
Examples A plant on an herbarium sheet. A cataloged lot of fish in a jar.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:PreviousIdentifications
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/PreviousIdentifications
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Previous Identifications
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/previousIdentifications
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of previous ScientificNames to which the sample was identified.
Notes Example: "Anthus correndera".
Type Property
Term Name dwc:previousIdentifications
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/previousIdentifications
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/previousIdentifications-2017-10-06
Label Previous Identifications
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of previous assignments of names to the Organism.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `).
Examples `Chalepidae`, `Pinus abies`, `Anthus sp., field ID by G. Iglesias | Anthus correndera, expert ID by C. Cicero 2009-02-12 based on morphology`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_14
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwciri:recordedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/recordedBy
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/recordedBy-2015-03-27
Label Recorded By (IRI)
Definition A person, group, or organization responsible for recording the original Occurrence.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:recordedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordedBy
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/recordedBy-2017-10-06
Label Recorded By
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations responsible for recording the original Occurrence. The primary collector or observer, especially one who applies a personal identifier (recordNumber), should be listed first.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `).
Examples `José E. Crespo`. `Oliver P. Pearson | Anita K. Pearson` (where the value in recordNumber `OPP 7101` corresponds to the collector number for the specimen in the field catalog of Oliver P. Pearson).
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:recordNumber
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordNumber
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/recordNumber-2017-10-06
Label Record Number
Definition An identifier given to the Occurrence at the time it was recorded. Often serves as a link between field notes and an Occurrence record, such as a specimen collector's number.
Examples `OPP 7101`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:recordNumber
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/recordNumber
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/recordNumber-2015-03-27
Label Record Number (IRI)
Definition An identifier given to the Occurrence at the time it was recorded. Often serves as a link between field notes and an Occurrence record, such as a specimen collector's number.
Notes The subject is a dwc:Occurrence and the object is a (possibly IRI-identified) resource that is the field notes.
Type Property
Term Name dcterms:references
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/terms/references
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#references-003
Label References
Definition A related resource that is referenced, cited, or otherwise pointed to by the described resource.
Examples `http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MVZ:Mamm:165861?seid=101356`, `http://www.catalogueoflife.org/col/details/species/id/55501d5898c605670da76dee09746aa9`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2011-10-16_7
Term Name dwc:RelatedBasisOfRecord
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/RelatedBasisOfRecord
Modified 2009-01-26
Label Related Basis of Record
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition The nature of the related resource. Recommended best practice is to use the same controlled vocabulary as for basisOfRecord.
Notes Example: "PreservedSpecimen"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:relatedResourceID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relatedResourceID
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/relatedResourceID-2018-09-06
Label Related Resource ID
Definition An identifier for a related resource (the object, rather than the subject of the relationship).
Examples `dc609808-b09b-11e8-96f8-529269fb1459`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:relatedResourceType
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relatedResourceType
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Related Resource Type
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition The type of the related resource. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Notes Examples: "StillImage", "MovingImage", "Sound", PhysicalObject", "PreservedSpecimen", FossilSpecimen", LivingSpecimen", "HumanObservation", "MachineObservation", "Location", "Taxonomy", "NomeclaturalChecklist", "Publication"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:relationshipAccordingTo
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipAccordingTo
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/relationshipAccordingTo-2018-09-06
Label Relationship According To
Definition The source (person, organization, publication, reference) establishing the relationship between the two resources.
Examples `Julie Woodruff`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:relationshipEstablishedDate
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipEstablishedDate
Modified 2020-08-12
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/relationshipEstablishedDate-2020-08-12
Label Relationship Established Date
Definition The date-time on which the relationship between the two resources was established.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a date that conforms to ISO 8601-1:2019.
Examples `1963-03-08T14:07-0600` (8 Mar 1963 at 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC). `2009-02-20T08:40Z` (20 February 2009 8:40am UTC). `2018-08-29T15:19` (3:19pm local time on 29 August 2018). `1809-02-12` (some time during 12 February 1809). `1906-06` (some time in June 1906). `1971` (some time in the year 1971). `2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z` (some time during the interval between 1 March 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC). `1900/1909` (some time during the interval between the beginning of the year 1900 and the end of the year 1909). `2007-11-13/15` (some time in the interval between 13 November 2007 and 15 November 2007).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:relationshipOfResource
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipOfResource
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/relationshipOfResource-2018-09-06
Label Relationship Of Resource
Definition The relationship of the resource identified by relatedResourceID to the subject (optionally identified by the resourceID).
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `sameAs`, `duplicate of`, `mother of`, `endoparasite of`, `host to`, `sibling of`, `valid synonym of`, `located within`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:relationshipRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipRemarks
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/relationshipRemarks-2018-09-06
Label Relationship Remarks
Definition Comments or notes about the relationship between the two resources.
Examples `mother and offspring collected from the same nest`, `pollinator captured in the act`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:reproductiveCondition
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/reproductiveCondition
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/reproductiveCondition-2017-10-06
Label Reproductive Condition
Definition The reproductive condition of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `non-reproductive`, `pregnant`, `in bloom`, `fruit-bearing`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:reproductiveCondition
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/reproductiveCondition
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/reproductiveCondition-2015-03-27
Label Reproductive Condition (IRI)
Definition The reproductive condition of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:resourceID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/resourceID
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/resourceID-2018-09-06
Label Resource ID
Definition An identifier for the resource that is the subject of the relationship.
Examples `f809b9e0-b09b-11e8-96f8-529269fb1459`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:ResourceRelationship
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/ResourceRelationship-2018-09-06
Label Resource Relationship
Definition A relationship of one rdfs:Resource (http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource) to another.
Notes Resources can be thought of as identifiable records or instances of classes and may include, but need not be limited to dwc:Occurrence, dwc:Organism, dwc:MaterialSample, dwc:Event, dwc:Location, dwc:GeologicalContext, dwc:Identification, or dwc:Taxon.
Examples An instance of an Organism is the mother of another instance of an Organism. A uniquely identified Occurrence represents the same Occurrence as another uniquely identified Occurrence. A MaterialSample is a subsample of another MaterialSample.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:resourceRelationshipID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/resourceRelationshipID
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/resourceRelationshipID-2018-09-06
Label Resource Relationship ID
Definition An identifier for an instance of relationship between one resource (the subject) and another (relatedResource, the object).
Examples `04b16710-b09c-11e8-96f8-529269fb1459`
Type Property
Term Name dcterms:rights
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/terms/rights
Modified 2008-01-14
Label Rights
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://purl.org/dc/terms/license
Definition Information about rights held in and over the resource.
Notes Typically, rights information includes a statement about various property rights associated with the resource, including intellectual property rights.
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-11-06_17
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dcterms:rightsHolder
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/terms/rightsHolder
Modified 2008-01-14
Term version IRI http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#rightsHolder-002
Label Rights Holder
Definition A person or organization owning or managing rights over the resource.
Examples `The Regents of the University of California`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:Sample
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Sample
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition Container class for information about the results of a sampling event (specimen, observation, etc.)
Type Class
Term Name dwc:SampleAttribute
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SampleAttribute
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample Attribute
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition Container class for information about attributes related to a given sample.
Type Class
Term Name dwc:SampleAttributeAccuracy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SampleAttributeAccuracy
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample Attribute Accuracy
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementAccuracy
Definition The description of the error associated with the SampleAttributeValue.
Notes Example: "0.01", "normal distribution with variation of 2 m"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SampleAttributeDeterminedBy
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SampleAttributeDeterminedBy
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample Attribute Determined By
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementDeterminedBy
Definition The agent responsible for having determined the value of the measurement or characteristic of the sample.
Notes Example: "Javier de la Torre"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SampleAttributeDeterminedDate
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SampleAttributeDeterminedDate
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample Attribute Determined Date
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementDeterminedDate
Definition The date on which the the measurement or characteristic of the sample was made.
Notes Date may be used to express temporal information at any level of granularity. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as the W3CDTF profile of ISO 8601 [W3CDTF].
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SampleAttributeRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SampleAttributeRemarks
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample Attribute Remarks
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition Comments or notes accompanying the measurement or characteristic of the sample.
Notes Example: "tip of tail missing"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SampleAttributeUnit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SampleAttributeUnit
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample Attribute Unit
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementUnit
Definition The units for the value of the measurement or characteristic of the sample. Recommended best practice is to use International System of Units (SI) units.
Notes Example: "mm"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SampleAttributeValue
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SampleAttributeValue
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample Attribute Value
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceMeasurementValue
Definition The value of the measurement or characteristic of the sample.
Notes Example: "45"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SampleRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SampleRemarks
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample Remarks
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceRemarks
Definition Comments or notes about the sample or record.
Notes Example: "found dead on road"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:sampleSizeUnit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sampleSizeUnit
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/sampleSizeUnit-2017-10-06
Label Sample Size Unit
Definition The unit of measurement of the size (time duration, length, area, or volume) of a sample in a sampling event.
Notes A sampleSizeUnit must have a corresponding sampleSizeValue, e.g., `5` for sampleSizeValue with `metre` for sampleSizeUnit.
Examples `minute`, `hour`, `day`, `metre`, `square metre`, `cubic metre`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2015-03-19_18
Term Name dwciri:sampleSizeUnit
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/sampleSizeUnit
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/sampleSizeUnit-2015-03-27
Label Sampling Size Unit (IRI)
Definition The unit of measurement of the size (time duration, length, area, or volume) of a sample in a sampling event.
Notes A sampleSizeUnit must have a corresponding sampleSizeValue. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Ontology of Units of Measure http://www.wurvoc.org/vocabularies/om-1.8/ of SI units, derived units, or other non-SI units accepted for use within the SI.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:sampleSizeValue
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sampleSizeValue
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/sampleSizeValue-2017-10-06
Label Sample Size Value
Definition A numeric value for a measurement of the size (time duration, length, area, or volume) of a sample in a sampling event.
Notes A sampleSizeValue must have a corresponding sampleSizeUnit.
Examples `5` for sampleSizeValue with `metre` for sampleSizeUnit.
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2015-03-19_18
Term Name dwc:SamplingAttributeID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SamplingAttributeID
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample Attribute ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition An identifier for the sampling attribute. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SamplingAttributeType
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SamplingAttributeType
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sample Attribute Type
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition The nature of the measurement or characteristic of the sample. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Notes Example: "tail length"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:samplingEffort
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingEffort
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/samplingEffort-2017-10-06
Label Sampling Effort
Definition The amount of effort expended during an Event.
Examples `40 trap-nights`, `10 observer-hours`, `10 km by foot`, `30 km by car`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SamplingEvent
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SamplingEvent
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sampling Event
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition Container class for information about the conditions and methods of acquisition of samples.
Type Class
Term Name dwc:SamplingEventAttributes
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SamplingEventAttributes
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sampling Event Attributes
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of additional measurements or characteristics of the sampling event.
Notes Example: "Relative humidity: 28 %; Temperature: 22 C; Sample size: 10 kg"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SamplingEventID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SamplingEventID
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sampling Event ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventID
Definition An identifier for the sampling event. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SamplingEventRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SamplingEventRemarks
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sampling Event Remarks
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition Comments or notes about the sampling event.
Notes Example: "found dead on road"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SamplingLocation
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SamplingLocation
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sampling Location
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition Container class for information about the location where a sampling event occurred.
Type Class
Term Name dwc:SamplingLocationID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SamplingLocationID
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sampling Location ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationID
Definition An identifier for the sampling location. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Notes Example: "MVZ:LocID:12345"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:SamplingLocationRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/SamplingLocationRemarks
Modified 2009-04-29
Label Sampling Location Remarks
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationRemarks
Definition Comments or notes about the sampling location.
Notes Example: "under water since 2005"
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:samplingProtocol
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/samplingProtocol
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/samplingProtocol-2015-03-27
Label Sampling Protocol (IRI)
Definition The method or protocol used during an Event.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:samplingProtocol
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingProtocol
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/samplingProtocol-2017-10-06
Label Sampling Protocol
Definition The name of, reference to, or description of the method or protocol used during an Event.
Examples `UV light trap`, `mist net`, `bottom trawl`, `ad hoc observation`, `point count`, `Penguins from space: faecal stains reveal the location of emperor penguin colonies, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2009.00467.x`, `Takats et al. 2001. Guidelines for Nocturnal Owl Monitoring in North America. Beaverhill Bird Observatory and Bird Studies Canada, Edmonton, Alberta. 32 pp.`, `http://www.bsc-eoc.org/download/Owl.pdf`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:scientificName
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificName
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/scientificName-2017-10-06
Label Scientific Name
Definition The full scientific name, with authorship and date information if known. When forming part of an Identification, this should be the name in lowest level taxonomic rank that can be determined. This term should not contain identification qualifications, which should instead be supplied in the IdentificationQualifier term.
Examples `Coleoptera` (order). `Vespertilionidae` (family). `Manis` (genus). `Ctenomys sociabilis` (genus + specificEpithet). `Ambystoma tigrinum diaboli` (genus + specificEpithet + infraspecificEpithet). `Roptrocerus typographi (Györfi, 1952)` (genus + specificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship), `Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia (Torr.) J.T. Howell` (genus + specificEpithet + taxonRank + infraspecificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship).
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwc:scientificNameAuthorship
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameAuthorship
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/scientificNameAuthorship-2017-10-06
Label Scientific Name Authorship
Definition The authorship information for the scientificName formatted according to the conventions of the applicable nomenclaturalCode.
Examples `(Torr.) J.T. Howell`, `(Martinovský) Tzvelev`, `(Györfi, 1952)`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:scientificNameID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/scientificNameID-2017-10-06
Label Scientific Name ID
Definition An identifier for the nomenclatural (not taxonomic) details of a scientific name.
Examples `urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:37829-1:1.3`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwc:scientificNameRank
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameRank
Modified 2009-09-21
Label Scientific Name Rank
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRank
Definition The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Notes Examples: "subsp.", "var.", "forma", "species", "genus"
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:sex
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/sex
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/sex-2015-03-27
Label Sex (IRI)
Definition The sex of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:sex
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sex
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/sex-2017-10-06
Label Sex
Definition The sex of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `female`, `male`, `hermaphrodite`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwc:specificEpithet
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/specificEpithet
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/specificEpithet-2017-10-06
Label Specific Epithet
Definition The name of the first or species epithet of the scientificName.
Examples `concolor`, `gottschei`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:startDayOfYear
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/startDayOfYear
Modified 2020-08-20
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/startDayOfYear-2020-08-20
Label Start Day Of Year
Definition The earliest integer day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).
Examples `1` (1 January). `366` (31 December), `365` (30 December in a leap year, 31 December in a non-leap year).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:StartTimeOfDay
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/StartTimeOfDay
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Start Time of Day
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventTime
Definition The time of day when the event began, expressed as decimal hours from midnight, local time.
Notes Examples: "12.0" (= noon), "13.5" (= 1:30pm)
Type Property
Term Name dwc:stateProvince
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/stateProvince
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/stateProvince-2017-10-06
Label State Province
Definition The name of the next smaller administrative region than country (state, province, canton, department, region, etc.) in which the Location occurs.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Examples `Montana`, `Minas Gerais`, `Córdoba`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:subgenus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/subgenus
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/subgenus-2017-10-06
Label Subgenus
Definition The full scientific name of the subgenus in which the taxon is classified. Values should include the genus to avoid homonym confusion.
Examples `Strobus`, `Amerigo`, `Pilosella`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:Taxon
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Modified 2018-09-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/Taxon-2018-09-06
Label Taxon
Definition A group of organisms (sensu http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBI_0100026) considered by taxonomists to form a homogeneous unit.
Examples The genus Truncorotaloides as published by Brönnimann et al. in 1953 in the Journal of Paleontology Vol. 27(6) p. 817-820.
Type Class
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-26_15
Term Name dwc:taxonAccordingTo
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonAccordingTo
Modified 2009-09-21
Label Taxon According To
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingTo
Definition Information about the authorship of this taxon concept which uses the scientificName in their sense (secundum, sensu). Could be a publication (identification key), institution or team of individuals.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:taxonAttributes
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonAttributes
Modified 2009-10-09
Label Taxon Attributes
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of additional measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about the taxon.
Notes Example: "iucnstatus=vulnerable; distribution=Neuquen, Argentina"
Type Property
Term Name dwc:taxonConceptID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonConceptID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/taxonConceptID-2017-10-06
Label Taxon Concept ID
Definition An identifier for the taxonomic concept to which the record refers - not for the nomenclatural details of a taxon.
Examples `8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:TaxonID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/TaxonID
Modified 2009-04-24
Label Taxon ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonNameID
Definition A global unique identifier for the taxon (name in a classification).
Type Property
Term Name dwc:taxonID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonID
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/taxonID-2017-10-06
Label Taxon ID
Definition An identifier for the set of taxon information (data associated with the Taxon class). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Examples `8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001`, `32567`, `https://www.gbif.org/species/212`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:taxonNameID
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonNameID
Modified 2009-07-06
Label Taxon Name ID
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Definition A unique identifier for the scientificName.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:taxonomicStatus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonomicStatus
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/taxonomicStatus-2017-10-06
Label Taxonomic Status
Definition The status of the use of the scientificName as a label for a taxon. Requires taxonomic opinion to define the scope of a taxon. Rules of priority then are used to define the taxonomic status of the nomenclature contained in that scope, combined with the experts opinion. It must be linked to a specific taxonomic reference that defines the concept.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `invalid`, `misapplied`, `homotypic synonym`, `accepted`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:taxonRank
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRank
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/taxonRank-2017-10-06
Label Taxon Rank
Definition The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `subspecies`, `varietas`, `forma`, `species`, `genus`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:taxonRemarks
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRemarks
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/taxonRemarks-2017-10-06
Label Taxon Remarks
Definition Comments or notes about the taxon or name.
Examples `this name is a misspelling in common use`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:toTaxon
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/toTaxon
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/toTaxon-2015-03-27
Label To Taxon
Definition Use to link a dwc:Identification instance subject to a taxonomic entity such as a taxon, taxon concept, or taxon name use.
Notes A "convenience property" that replaces Darwin Core literal-value terms related to taxonomic entities. See Section 2.7.4 of the Darwin Core RDF Guide for details.
Type Property
Term Name dcterms:type
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/terms/type
Modified 2008-01-14
Label Type
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/type
Definition The nature or genre of the resource.
Notes To provide a string literal value for type, use dc:type rather than this term. In accordance with the Darwin Core RDF guide, rdf:type should be used instead of this term to indicate an IRI value for type.
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2009-12-07_1
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_20
Term Name dc:type
Term IRI http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/type
Modified 2008-01-14
Term version IRI http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#type-006
Label Type
Definition The nature or genre of the resource.
Notes Must be populated with a value from the DCMI type vocabulary (http://dublincore.org/documents/2010/10/11/dcmi-type-vocabulary/).
Examples `StillImage`, `MovingImage`, `Sound`, `PhysicalObject`, `Event`, `Text`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_20
Term Name dwciri:typeStatus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/typeStatus
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/typeStatus-2015-03-27
Label Type Status (IRI)
Definition A nomenclatural type (type status, typified scientific name, publication) applied to the subject.
Notes Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:typeStatus
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/typeStatus
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/typeStatus-2017-10-06
Label Type Status
Definition A list (concatenated and separated) of nomenclatural types (type status, typified scientific name, publication) applied to the subject.
Notes Recommended best practice is to separate the values in a list with space vertical bar space (` | `).
Examples `holotype of Ctenomys sociabilis. Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388`, `holotype of Pinus abies | holotype of Picea abies`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2014-10-30_16
Term Name dwc:verbatimCoordinates
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinates
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/verbatimCoordinates-2017-10-06
Label Verbatim Coordinates
Definition The verbatim original spatial coordinates of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
Examples `41 05 54S 121 05 34W`, `17T 630000 4833400`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:verbatimCoordinateSystem
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinateSystem
Modified 2020-08-20
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/verbatimCoordinateSystem-2020-08-20
Label Verbatim Coordinate System
Definition The coordinate format for the verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude or the verbatimCoordinates of the Location.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Examples `decimal degrees`, `degrees decimal minutes`, `degrees minutes seconds`, `UTM`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:verbatimCoordinateSystem
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/verbatimCoordinateSystem
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/verbatimCoordinateSystem-2015-03-27
Label Verbatim Coordinate System (IRI)
Definition The spatial coordinate system for the verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude or the verbatimCoordinates of the Location.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary. Terms in the dwciri namespace are intended to be used in RDF with non-literal objects.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:verbatimDepth
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimDepth
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/verbatimDepth-2017-10-06
Label Verbatim Depth
Definition The original description of the depth below the local surface.
Examples `100-200 m`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:verbatimElevation
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimElevation
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/verbatimElevation-2017-10-06
Label Verbatim Elevation
Definition The original description of the elevation (altitude, usually above sea level) of the Location.
Examples `100-200 m`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:verbatimEventDate
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimEventDate
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/verbatimEventDate-2017-10-06
Label Verbatim EventDate
Definition The verbatim original representation of the date and time information for an Event.
Examples `spring 1910`, `Marzo 2002`, `1999-03-XX`, `17IV1934`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:verbatimLatitude
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLatitude
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/verbatimLatitude-2017-10-06
Label Verbatim Latitude
Definition The verbatim original latitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
Examples `41 05 54.03S`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:verbatimLocality
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLocality
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/verbatimLocality-2017-10-06
Label Verbatim Locality
Definition The original textual description of the place.
Examples `25 km NNE Bariloche por R. Nac. 237`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:verbatimLongitude
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLongitude
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/verbatimLongitude-2017-10-06
Label Verbatim Longitude
Definition The verbatim original longitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
Examples `121d 10' 34" W`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:verbatimScientificNameRank
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimScientificNameRank
Modified 2009-09-21
Label Verbatim Scientific Name Rank
This term is deprecated and should no longer be used.
Is replaced by http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimTaxonRank
Definition The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName as it appears in the original record.
Notes Examples: "Agamospecies", "sub-lesus", "prole", "apomict", "nothogrex".
Type Property
Term Name dwc:verbatimSRS
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimSRS
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/verbatimSRS-2017-10-06
Label Verbatim SRS
Definition The ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which coordinates given in verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude, or verbatimCoordinates are based.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use the EPSG code of the SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value `unknown`.
Examples `unknown`, `EPSG:4326`, `WGS84`, `NAD27`, `Campo Inchauspe`, `European 1950`, `Clarke 1866`
Type Property
Term Name dwciri:verbatimSRS
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/verbatimSRS
Modified 2015-03-27
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/iri/version/verbatimSRS-2015-03-27
Label Verbatim SRS (IRI)
Definition The ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which coordinates given in verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude, or verbatimCoordinates are based.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use an IRI for the EPSG code of the SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary IRI for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary IRI for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known.
Type Property
Term Name dwc:verbatimTaxonRank
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimTaxonRank
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/verbatimTaxonRank-2017-10-06
Label Verbatim Taxon Rank
Definition The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName as it appears in the original record.
Examples `Agamospecies`, `sub-lesus`, `prole`, `apomict`, `nothogrex`, `sp.`, `subsp.`, `var.`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:vernacularName
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/vernacularName
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/vernacularName-2017-10-06
Label Vernacular Name
Definition A common or vernacular name.
Examples `Andean Condor`, `Condor Andino`, `American Eagle`, `Gänsegeier`
Type Property
Executive Committee decision http://rs.tdwg.org/decisions/decision-2019-12-01_19
Term Name dwc:waterBody
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/waterBody
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/waterBody-2017-10-06
Label Water Body
Definition The name of the water body in which the Location occurs.
Notes Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Examples `Indian Ocean`, `Baltic Sea`, `Hudson River`, `Lago Nahuel Huapi`
Type Property
Term Name dwc:year
Term IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/year
Modified 2017-10-06
Term version IRI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/version/year-2017-10-06
Label Year
Definition The four-digit year in which the Event occurred, according to the Common Era Calendar.
Examples `1160`, `2008`
Type Property